Both the strong mode confinement and the low propagation loss are longed for designing highly integrated terahertz (THz) devices, but they are difficult to be achieved at the same time. Here, a graphene-coated nanowire with a dropshaped cross section (GNDCS) is proposed with the long-range propagation and strong confinement. We found this waveguide can support two kinds of graphene surface plasmon polaritons (GSPPs), outside-dominant and insidedominant modes, with distinctly different energy distributions. Interestingly, both modes can achieve low-loss propagation with strong mode confinement. In particular, the outside-dominant mode can attain an extremely long propagation length (1mm) and the inside-dominant mode has a very high energy utilization rate. These excellent characteristics make the waveguide very useful in the nanophotonics, bio-photonics and highly integrated THz circuits.
For a good THz waveguide, both low propagating loss and small mode width are usually very important. However, the high ohmic loss of metals and the high absorption loss of dielectric materials result in that it still remains a challenge to obtain the two capabilities at the same time. In this paper, planar dielectric-gap-metal (DGM) waveguides are presented to guide THz wave. According to the dispersion equations of the waveguides, we calculate their mode characteristics by numerical calculation, and we find that THz wave can propagate in the waveguides with low loss and simultaneously subwavelength mode width. When compared with the parallel-plate waveguide, the mode losses of the DGM waveguide can be 1-3 orders of magnitude lower, but the mode widths do not increase. The combination of low propagating loss and subwavelength mode width makes the DGM waveguides particularly useful for many THz applications such as sensing, communication, and imaging.
To enhance continuous wave terahertz (CW-THz) scanning images contrast and denoising, a method based on wavelet transform and Retinex theory was proposed. In this paper, the factors affecting the quality of CW-THz images were analysed. Second, an approach of combination of the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and a designed nonlinear function in wavelet domain for the purpose of contrast enhancing was applied. Then, we combine the Retinex algorithm for further contrast enhancement. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method in qualitative and quantitative, it was compared with the adaptive histogram equalization method, the homomorphic filtering method and the SSR(Single-Scale-Retinex) method. Experimental results demonstrated that the presented algorithm can effectively enhance the contrast of CW-THZ image and obtain better visual effect.
A theory for treating terahertz (THz) surface wave propagation on conical metal wire waveguides is presented. The
expression for describing surface wave propagation on the conical wire waveguide is obtained based on the Sommerfeld
surface wave model. According to the theory, the surface wave propagation on the conical copper wire waveguide is
investigated by the numerical calculation, and the results obtained agree well with that of experimental measurement by
Y. B. Ji et al. Furthermore, both the surface wave propagation properties of the conical copper wire waveguides versus
the wire diameter and versus the THz wave frequency are studied by the numerical calculation. The work presented provides a theoretical basis for describing surface wave propagation on the conical THz metal wire waveguide and is quite useful for designing this kind of waveguides.