In recent years, the Ministry of Education of China attaches great importance to the reform of higher education quality. As an important link in the reform of higher education, curriculum development is bound to promote the development of "quality-centered connotative education". Zhejiang University, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Southern Airlines University and other colleges and universities carried out a full range of close cooperation, proposed integrated innovation teaching mode of the course based on network technology. Based on this model, the course of "Applied Optics" has been practiced for two years. The results show that the integrated innovation teaching mode can fully realize the integration amplification effect among multiple colleges and universities and the depth sharing all types of resources. Based on the principle of co-building and sharing, mutual help, comprehensively improve the teaching quality of domestic related courses and promote the comprehensive development of the curriculum to meet the needs of learning society.
Network technology has become a creative tool of changing human productivity, the rapid development of it has brought profound changes to our learning, working and life. Network technology has many advantages such as rich contents, various forms, convenient retrieval, timely communication and efficient combination of resources. Network information resources have become the new education resources, get more and more application in the education, has now become the teaching and learning tools. Network teaching enriches the teaching contents, changes teaching process from the traditional knowledge explanation into the new teaching process by establishing situation, independence and cooperation in the network technology platform. The teacher's role has shifted from teaching in classroom to how to guide students to learn better. Network environment only provides a good platform for the teaching, we can get a better teaching effect only by constantly improve the teaching content.
Changchun university of science and technology introduced a BB teaching platform, on the platform, the whole optical classroom teaching and the classroom teaching can be improved. Teachers make assignments online, students learn independently offline or the group learned cooperatively, this expands the time and space of teaching. Teachers use hypertext form related knowledge of applied optics, rich cases and learning resources, set up the network interactive platform, homework submission system, message board, etc. The teaching platform simulated the learning interest of students and strengthens the interaction in the teaching.
There is a saying that “The teacher, proselytizes instructs dispels doubt.” Traditional teaching methods, constantly let the students learn the knowledge in order to pursue the knowledge of a solid grasp, then assess the teaching result by evaluating of the degree of knowledge and memory. This approach cannot mobilize the enthusiasm of students to learn, and hinders the development of innovative thinking of students. And this assessment results have no practical significance, decoupling from practical application. As we all know, the course of Applied Optics is based on abstract theory. If the same teaching methods using for this course by such a "duck", it is unable to mobilize students' learning initiative, and then students’ study results will be affected by passive acceptance of knowledge. How to take the initiative to acquire knowledge in the class to the students, and fully mobilize the initiative of students and to explore the potential of students, finally evaluation contents more research on the practical significance? Scholars continue to innovate teaching methods, as well as teaching evaluation indicators, the best teaching effect to promote the development of students. Therefore, this paper puts forward a set of teaching evaluation model of teaching autonomy.
This so-called "autonomous teaching" is that teachers put forward the request or arrange the task and students complete the learning content in the form of a group to discuss learning before the lesson, and to complete the task of the layout, then teachers accept of students' learning achievements and answer questions. Every task is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching. Every lesson should be combined with the progress of science and technology frontier of Applied Optics, let students understand the relationship between research and application in the future, mobilize the students interest in learning, training ability, learn to take the initiative to explore, team cooperation ability. As well, it has practical significance to every evaluation, making the teaching to active learning in teaching, cultivating students' creative potential, deep, solid foundation for the day after learning work.
In order to collect a wide angle range light to receive the collimating beam of a small divergence angle, a highly efficient, compact, TIR collimating system has been designed and optimized. The collimating system adopts a hybrid structure with TIR style. First, calculate the initial structure of the collimating system according to Snell’s law and equal focal length principle. Then optimize the initial structure using Lighttools optical design software. Finally, the best LED collimating system has been successfully designed. According to the results of the design, the semi-diameter of the TIR collimating system is 20mm, the diameter is 25mm. The collimating angle is 1.5°. With the light absorption loss of the material and reflection loss of the interface have already been fully considered，the light energy utilization rate is as high as 89.5%. The initial structure of TIR-type LED collimator is designed by Snell’s law and equal focal length principle, and then it is optimized by the Lighttools optical design software, so that light energy utilization ratio and uniformity of illumination in the target surface are improved. In addition, TIR-type collimating system, which is small and easy to use, not only has a high light energy utilization ratio but also a compact structure.
The cost of photovoltaic power generation can be saved and efficiency will be improved by the concentration optics system. However, the non-uniformity of illumination distribution on the photovoltaic cells of the current Fresnel concentrators will reduce the photoelectric conversion efficiency and decrease the service life of the cell even damage the cell. This paper presents the design and simulation a novel nonimaging Fresnel concentrator, then comparatively analyses the performances of the conventional Fresnel concentrator. The novel nonimaging Fresnel concentrator has been design according to the diffused focal points method to improve optical efficiency and illumination uniformity. The novel Fresnel concentrator achieves high concentration efficiency 82.20%, and high uniformity 89.23% in the scope ±4mm of the concentration spot which can improve photoelectric conversion efficiency of photovoltaic cells and prevent the photovoltaic cells from being damaged.
A new laser illumination system was designed based on the analysis of regular homogenization technology. It was widely used in the field of security without sunlight and other lighting. The new laser illumination system used eccentric motor to drive a light shaping scatterer to vibrate at a frequency that faster than the electronic shutter of cameras, making multiple light superimposed in integration time to form a uniform illumination effect. The laser illumination system can eliminate interference fringes and laser speckles, and realize the purpose of homogenization illumination. Experimental results show that the new laser illumination system makes the energy efficiency reach up to 90% and the illumination uniformity reach up to 94% in the effective area. The new laser illumination system improves the uniformity of illumination and utilization rate of laser energy, thus improves the image quality of the illuminated target.