Recently, metamaterials with near-zero refractive index have attracted much attention. Light inside these materials experiences no spatial phase change and extremely large phase velocity, makes these peculiar systems applicable for realizing directional emission, tunneling waveguides, large-area single-mode devices and electromagnetic cloaks. In addition, epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) metamaterials can also enhance light transmission through a subwavelength aperture. Impedance-matched all-dielectric zero-index metamaterials which exhibit Dirac cone dispersions at center of the Brillouin zone, have been experimentally demonstrated at microwave regime and optical frequencies for transverse-magnetic (TM) polarization of light. More recently, it has been also proved that these systems can be realized in a miniaturized in-plane geometry useful for integrated photonic applications, i.e. these metamaterials can be integrated with other optical elements, including waveguides, resonators and interferometers. In this work, using a zero-index metamaterial at the inner and outer sides of a subwavelength aperture, we numerically and experimental study light transmission through and its extraction from the aperture. The metamaterial consists of a combination of two double-layer arrays of scatterers with dissimilar subwavelength dimensions. The metamaterial exhibits zero-index optical response in microwave region. Our numerical investigation shows that the presence of the metamaterial at the inner side of the aperture leads to a considerable increase in the transmission of light through the subwavelength aperture. This enhancement is related to the amplification of the amplitude of the electromagnetic field inside the metamaterial which drastically increases the coupling between free space and the slit. By obtaining the electric field profile of the light passing through the considered NZI/aperture/NZI system at this frequency we found out that in addition to the enhanced transmission there is an excellent beaming of the extracted light from the structure. We have theoretically and experimentally shown that using a zero-index metamaterial at the inner and outer sides of a metallic subwavelength slit can considerably enhance the transmission of light through the aperture and beam its extraction, respectively. This work has been supported by TUBITAK under Project No 114E505. The author H.C. also acknowledges partial support from the Turkish Academy of Sciences.
We investigated the cavity structure by the deformation of a unit cell of a Composite Metamaterial (CMM) structure. We considered different cavity structures with different resonance frequencies and Q-factors. We observed the Q-factor of the cavity resonance as 108 for a CMM based single cavity wherein the cavity structure is a closed ring structure. We investigated the reduced photon lifetime and observed that at the cavity resonance, the effective group velocity was reduced by a factor of 20 for a CMM based single cavity compared to the electromagnetic waves propagating in free space. Since the unit cells of metamaterials are much smaller than the operation wavelength, subwavelength localization is possible within these metamaterial cavity structures. We found that the electromagnetic field is localized into a region of /8, where is the cavity resonance wavelength. Subsequently, we brought two cavities together with an intercavity distance of two metamaterial unit cells and then investigated the transmission spectrum of CMM based interacting 2-cavity system. Finally, using the tight-binding picture we observed the normalized group velocity corresponding to the coupled cavity structure.
We review experimental and theoretical studies performed on left-handed metamaterials (LHM). The metamaterials
exhibit quiet unusual electromagnetic properties such as negative refraction, negative phase velocity, subwavelength
focusing, subwavelength cavities and enhanced transmission.
We propose and demonstrate a new labyrinth based metamaterial structure that solves two major problems related to the split-ring resonator based structures. One of the problems related to the
split-ring resonator structure is the bianisotropy, and the other problem is the electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of the split-ring resonator structure. These two problems introduce difficulties in obtaining isotropic left-handed metamaterial mediums. The new structure that we propose here solves both of these problems. We further show that in addition to the magnetic resonance, when combined with a suitable wire medium, the structure that we propose exhibits left-handed transmission band. A two-dimensional metamaterial based on the labyrinth structure is used to study imaging of a point source. Our experimental results show that it is possible to image the point source with half widths as small as λ/4 by using the labyrinth based metamaterial.
In this work, we have experimentally and theoretically studied the emission of radiation from a monopole source embedded in a two and three dimensional photonic crystal. We have demonstrated the enhancement of radiation at the band edges and at the cavity modes including coupled cavity modes. We have shown that the emission
of radiation from a source depends on the group velocities of the modes and on the electric field intensities of the modes at the source location. Moreover, we have studied the angular distribution of power emitted from a radiation source embedded inside a photonic crystal. Our results show that it is possible to obtain highly directive radiation sources operating at the band edge of the photonic crystal.