This paper provides an overview of Aerospace R&D work on digital engineering consistent with the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) Digital Engineering Strategy encouraging innovation in rapid development of space systems. An objective of this investigation was to identify challenges associated with DE and to formulate an approach to mitigate the challenges. One key challenge within a larger enterprise is the fact that models will be developed by different developers/modelers, using different ontologies, different tools, and different levels of detail. Our approach introduced innovative techniques for connecting disparate DE models, defining/controlling system interfaces and defining/managing interface baseline specifications within a DE construct. The approach includes a proposed flexible, robust, and agile platform and associated implementation framework of processes, tools, digital models, digital threads and digital use cases. The approach is being submitted for U.S. patent application and was applied on a pilot project involving a spacecraft Bus, mission payload (P/L), and digitized PL-to-Bus interface.
This paper describes the current National Weather Service's (NWS) system for providing weather alerts in the U.S. and will review how the existing end-to-end architecture is being leveraged to provide non-weather alerts, also known as "all-hazard alerts", to the general public. The paper then describes how a legacy system that transmits weather and all-hazard alerts can be extended via commercial wireless networks and protocols to reach 154 million Americans who carry cell phones. This approach uses commercial SATCOM and existing wireless carriers and services such as Short Messaging Service (SMS) for text and emerging Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) protocol, which would allow for photos, maps, audio and video alerts to be sent to end users. This wireless broadcast alert delivery architecture is designed to be open and to embrace the National Weather Service's mandate to become an "" warning system for the general public. Examples of other public and private sector applications that require timely and intelligent push mechanisms using this alert dissemination approach are also given.