Purpose: The purpose of this study is to apply targeted Parametric Imaging on aneurysms to quantitatively investigate contrast flow changes at pre-, post-treatment and follow-up with outcome scoring. Methods: The angiograms for 50 patients were acquired, 25 treated with coil embolization and 25 treated using a flow diverter. API was performed by synthesizing the time density curve (TDC) at every pixel. Based on the TDCs, we calculated various parameters for the quantitative characterization of contrast flow through the vascular network and aneurysms and displayed them using color encoded maps. The parameters included were : Time to Peak (TTP), Mean Transit Time (MTT), Time of Arrival (TTA), Peak Height (PH) and Area Under the Curve (AUC). Two Regions of Interest (ROI) were manually marked over the aneurysm dome and the main artery. Average aneurysm parameter values were normalized to those values recorded in the main artery and recorded pre-/post-treatment and follow-up and compared to Raymond Roy scores and flow diverter stent scoring. Results: The normalized mean values were as follows (pre and post treatment): TTP (1.09+/-0.14, 1.55+/-1.36), MTT (1.07+/-0.23, 1.27+/-0.42), TTA (0.14+/-0.15, 0.26+/-0.23), PH (1.2+/-0.54, 0.95+/-0.83) and AUC (1.29+/-0.69, 1.44+/- 1.92). The neural network gave a validation accuracy of 0.8036 with a loss of 0.0927. A receiver operating characteristic curve with an AUC of 0.866 was obtained. Conclusions: API can quantitatively describe the flow in the aneurysm for initial investigation of the radiomics of intracranial aneurysms. It also shows a clear demarcation between pre and post treatment. Statistical modelling and a machine learning network is used to prove the success of our model.
Neurosurgeons currently base most of their treatment decisions for intracranial aneurysms (IAs) on morphological measurements made manually from 2D angiographic images. These measurements tend to be inaccurate because 2D measurements cannot capture the complex geometry of IAs and because manual measurements are variable depending on the clinician’s experience and opinion. Incorrect morphological measurements may lead to inappropriate treatment strategies. In order to improve the accuracy and consistency of morphological analysis of IAs, we have developed an image-based computational tool, AView. In this study, we quantified the accuracy of computer-assisted adjuncts of AView for aneurysmal morphologic assessment by performing measurement on spheres of known size and anatomical IA models. AView has an average morphological error of 0.56% in size and 2.1% in volume measurement. We also investigate the clinical utility of this tool on a retrospective clinical dataset and compare size and neck diameter measurement between 2D manual and 3D computer-assisted measurement. The average error was 22% and 30% in the manual measurement of size and aneurysm neck diameter, respectively. Inaccuracies due to manual measurements could therefore lead to wrong treatment decisions in 44% and inappropriate treatment strategies in 33% of the IAs. Furthermore, computer-assisted analysis of IAs improves the consistency in measurement among clinicians by 62% in size and 82% in neck diameter measurement. We conclude that AView dramatically improves accuracy for morphological analysis. These results illustrate the necessity of a computer-assisted approach for the morphological analysis of IAs.