In this study, we performed alignment state estimation simulations and compared the performance of two Computer Aided Alignment (hereafter CAA) algorithms i.e. ‘Merit Function Regression (MFR)’ and ‘Multiple Design Configuration Optimization (MDCO)’ for a TMA optical system. The former minimizes the merit function using multi-field wavefront error measurements from single configuration, while the latter minimizes the merit function using single-field measured wavefront error from multiple configurations. The optical system used is an unobscured three-mirror anastigmat (TMA) optical system of 70mm in diameter, and F/5.0. It is designed for an unmanned aerial vehicle for coastal water remote sensing. The TMA consists of two aspherical mirrors, a spherical mirror and a flat folding mirror. Based on the sensitivity analysis, we set the tilt x, y of tertiary mirror as a compensator, and not considered decenter of tertiary mirror because of its spherical characteristic. For the simulation, we introduced Gaussian distribution of initial misalignment to M3. It has the mean value of zero and standard deviation of 0.5 mrad. The initial simulation result of alignment state estimation shows that both algorithms can meet the alignment requirement, λ/10 RMS WFE at 633nm. However, when we includes measurement noise, the simulation result of MFR shows greater standard deviation in RMS WFE than that of MDCO. As for the measurement, the MDCO requires single on-axis field while the MFR requires multiple fields, we concluded that the MDCO is more practical method to align the off-axis TMA optics than MFR.
The design and performance analysis of a new sensor is introduced which is on board a small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) for coastal water remote sensing. The top level requirements of sensor are to have at least 4cm spatial resolution at 500m operating height, and 4° field of view (FOV) and 100 signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) value at 660nm. We determined the design requirements that its entrance pupil diameter is 70mm, and F-ratio is 5.0 as an optical design requirement. The three-mirror system is designed including aspheric primary and secondary mirrors, which optical performance are 1/15 λRMS wavefront error and 0.75 MTF value at 660nm. Considering the manufacturing and assembling phase, we performed the sensitivity, tolerance, and stray-light analysis. From these analysis we confirmed this optical system, which is having 4cm spatial resolution at 500m operating height, will be applied with remote sensing researches.