A glasses-free (auto-stereoscopic) 3D display that will serve several viewers who have freedom of movement over a
large viewing region is described. This operates on the principle of employing head position tracking to provide regions
referred to as exit pupils that follow the positions ofthe viewers' eyes in order for appropriate left and right images to be
seen. A non-intrusive multi-user head tracker controls the light sources of a specially designed backlight that illuminates
a direct-view LCD.
De Montfort University, in conjunction with the Heinrich Hertz Institute, is developing a 3D display that is targeted specifically at the television market. It is capable of supplying 3D to several viewers who do not have to wear special glasses, and who are able to move freely over a room-sized area. The display consists of a single liquid crystal display that presents the same stereo pair to every viewer by employing spatial multiplexing. This presents a stereo pair on alternate pixel rows, with the conventional backlight replaced by novel steering optics controlled by the output of a head position tracker. Illumination is achieved using arrays of coaxial optical elements in conjunction with high-density white light emitting diode arrays. The operation of the steering and multiplexing optics in the prototype display are explained. The results obtained from a prototype built under the European Union-funded ATTEST 3D television project are described. The performance of this model was not optimum, but was sufficient to prove that the principle of operation is viable for a 3D television display. A second prototype, incorporating improvements based on experience gained, is currently under construction and this is also described. The prototype is capable of being developed into a display appropriate for a production model that will enable 3D television to come to market within the next ten years. With the current widespread usage of flat panel displays it is likely that customer preference will be for a hang-on-the-wall 3D display, and this challenge will be met by reconfiguring the optics and incorporating novel optical addressing techniques.
De Montfort University (DMU) has developed an autostereoscopic display that is targeted specifically at television applications. The display is capable of supplying 3D images to multiple viewers who are not required to wear special glasses, and who are able to move freely over a room-sized area. It operates by producing regions (exit pupils) in the viewing field where either a left or a right image is seen. The positions of the exit pupils are steered to the viewers’ eyes by the use of head tracking. The DMU display consists of an LCD whose conventional backlight is replaced by a steerable optical configuration that is capable of producing several pairs of exit pupils. Left and right images are produced on alternate pixel rows of a single UXGA LCD. This spatial image multiplexing is achieved by the use of a lenticular sheet located between the steering optics and the LCD. The steering optics can produce exit pupils over a large area, but without the aberration and coloration effects associated with other methods. This is achieved using arrays of coaxial lenses in conjunction with high-density white LED array sources.
In this paper we will present the concept of a modular three dimensional broadcast chain, that allows for an evolutionary introduction of depth perception into the context of 2D digital TV. The work is performed within the framework of the European Information Society Technologies (IST) project "Advanced Three-dimensional Television System Technologies" (ATTEST), bringing together the expertise of industries, research centers and universities to design a backwards-compatible, flexible and modular broadcast 3D-TV system. This three dimensional broadcast chain includes content creation, coding, transmission and display. Research in human 3D perception will be used to guide the development process.
The goals of the project towards the optimized 3D broadcast chain comprise the development of a novel broadcast 3D camera, algorithms to convert existing 2D-video material into 3D, a 2D-compatible coding and transmission scheme for 3D-video using MPEG-2/4/7 technologies and the design of two new autostereoscopic displays.