Spectral, photophysical, photochemical characteristics for mononuclear and binuclear dipyrromethenes in complexes with BF<sub>2</sub> (BODIPY), bis-BODIPY and bis-helicates ([Zn<sub>2</sub>(L)<sub>2</sub>]) are described. The role of substituents (type and location in the ligand) and the medium in which dipyrromethene complexes are placed (solvents, solid-state matrices), the effect of different complexing agents (p- and d-elements) on the photonics of the complexes are discussed. The results of studying the lasing and photochemical properties of complexes under the action of laser irradiation are presented. In addition, for the described complexes the stability in the ground and excited states in protic media are estimated. Based on the analysis of the results discussed possibilities of practical application of these compounds to creating various optical devices.