Polly<sup>NET</sup> is a growing global network of automatized multiwavelength polarization Raman lidars of type Polly (Althausen et al., 2009). The goal of this network is to conduct advanced remote measurements of aerosol profiles and clouds by the same type of instrument. Since 2006 this network assists the controlling and adjustment activities of Polly systems. A central facility receives the data from the Polly measurements. The observational data are displayed in terms of quicklooks at http://polly:tropos.de in near real time. In this way, the network serves as a central information platform for inquisitive scientists. Polly<sup>NET</sup> comprises permanent stations at Leipzig (Germany), Kuopio (Finland), Evora (Portugal), Baengnyeong Island (South Korea), Stockholm (Sweden), and Warsaw (Poland). Non-permanent stations have been used during several field experiments under both urban and very remote conditions - like the Amazon rainforest. These non-permanent stations were lasting from several weeks up to one year and have been located in Brazil, India, China, South Africa, Chile, and also aboard the German research vessels Polarstern and Meteor across the Atlantic. Within Polly<sup>NET</sup> the interaction and knowledge exchange is encouraged between the Polly operators. This includes maintenance support in system calibration procedures and distribution of latest hardware and software improvements. This presentation introduces the Polly<sup>NET</sup>. Main features of the Polly systems will be presented as well as recent instrumental developments. Some measurement highlights achieved within Polly<sup>NET</sup> are depicted.
The background aerosol conditions and the conditions contaminated with aerosol of antropogenic origin (Arctic haze) were investigated during two Arctic campaigns, the Arctic Study of Tropospheric Aerosols, Clouds and Radiation (ASTAR) in 2004 and Svalbard Experiment (SVALEX) in 2005, respectively. Results obtained by application of the two-stream inversion algorithm to the elastic lidar signals measured on two days representative for each campaign are presented. The calculations were done using signals obtained by the nadir-looking Airborne Mobile Aerosol Lidar (AMALi) probing lower troposphere from the AWI research aircraft Polar 2 overflying the stationary Koldewey Aerosol Raman Lidar (KARL) based at the AWI Koldewey Research Station in Ny Ålesund, Svalbard. The method allowed independent retrieval of extinction and backscatter coefficient profiles and lidar ratio profiles for each of the two days representative for both clean and polluted lower troposphere in Arctic.
Conference Committee Involvement (1)
Lidar Technologies, Techniques, and Measurements for Atmospheric Remote Sensing