We present a multicolor fluorescence microscope system, under a selective plane illumination microscopy (SPIM) configuration, using three continuous wave-lasers and a single-channel-detection camera. The laser intensities are modulated with three time-delayed pulse trains that operate synchronously at one third of the camera frame rate, allowing a sequential excitation and an image acquisition of up to three different biomarkers. The feasibility of this imaging acquisition mode is demonstrated by acquiring single-plane multicolor images of living hyphae of Neurospora crassa. This allows visualizing simultaneously the localization and dynamics of different cellular components involved in apical growth in living hyphae. The configuration presented represents a noncommercial, cost-effective alternative microscopy system for the rapid and simultaneous acquisition of multifluorescent images and can be potentially useful for three-dimensional imaging of large biological samples.
Some biological experiments demand the observation of dynamics processes in 3D with high spatiotemporal resolution. The use of wavefront coding to extend the depth-of-field (DOF) of the collection arm of a light-sheet microscope is an interesting alternative for fast 3D imaging. Under this scheme, the 3D features of the sample are captured at high volumetric rates while the light sheet is swept rapidly within the extended DOF. The DOF is extended by coding the pupil function of the imaging lens by using a custom-designed phase mask. A posterior restoration step is required to decode the information of the captured images based on the applied phase mask . This hybrid optical-digital approach is known as wavefront coding (WFC). Previously, we have demonstrated this method for performing fast 3D imaging of biological samples at medium resolution . In this work, we present the extension of this approach for high-resolution microscopes. Under these conditions, the effective DOF of a standard high NA objective is of a few micrometers. Here we demonstrate that by the use of WFC, we can extend the DOF more than one order of magnitude keeping the high-resolution imaging. This is demonstrated for two designed phase masks using Zebrafish and C. elegans samples.
 Olarte, O.E., Andilla, J., Artigas, D., and Loza-Alvarez, P., “Decoupled Illumination-Detection Microscopy. Selected Optics in Year 2105,” in Optics and Photonics news 26, p. 41 (2015).
 Olarte, O.E., Andilla, J., Artigas, D., and Loza-Alvarez, P., “Decoupled illumination detection in light sheet microscopy for fast volumetric imaging,” Optica 2(8), 702 (2015).