Proc. SPIE. 5611, Unmanned/Unattended Sensors and Sensor Networks
KEYWORDS: Weapons of mass destruction, Sensors, Aerosols, Particles, Pathogens, Biological detection systems, Commercial off the shelf technology, Biological weapons, New and emerging technologies, Data fusion
Chemical/Biological/Radiological/Nuclear/Explosives (CBRNE) is a threat to all forces that deploy to any part of the globe. Lightweight expeditionary forces are especially vulnerable because they operate with minimum force structure in or near enemy forces and may become indirect targets due to the proximity of opposing forces. There is currently no integrated tactical, agile CBRNE detect-to-warn and detect-to-treat detection system suitable for lightweight expeditionary forces. The current solutions are often outside the deployment and support constraints of expeditionary forces. Expeditionary forces, typically, require a 30-day capability without re-supply and must maximize resources. Situational awareness is limited with little or no automation. Due to the limitations in existing detectors, no detector has been found to be the magic bullet for all types of agents. An array of sensors that are redundant and overlap the capabilities of each and the limitations of each technology, on the other hand, would provide a level of security that is progressively more acceptable to the warfighter. Initially, the array will be composed of integrated commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) and government-off-the-shelf (GOTS) CBRNE samplers, identification devices, tamper sensors, and communications and alert equipment. The sensor array will plug-and-play new technologies as they become available.