Two-dimensional (2D) photonic quasicrystals (PQCs) were fabricated by a holographic nanolithography technique. Using two laser beams with different angles incident on the sample, microcavities with 2D internal nanostructures are patterned with a few micrometer periods.
Optically pumped terahertz emission has been observed in a wide range of semiconductors. We show that InAs quantum dots on GaAs can be used to significantly enhance terahertz emission compared with a bare GaAs surface.
Guided-wave propagation of sub-ps terahertz (THz) pulses in a highly birefringent plastic photonic crystal fiber has been experimentally demonstrated. The fabricated fibers have exhibited an extremely high birefringence of ~ 0.021 at 0.3 THz.