The objective of this research was to develop a practical integrated approach using extracted features from electrical resistance measurements and coupled electromechanical models of damage, for in situ damage detection and sensing in carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) composite structures. To achieve this objective, we introduced specific known damage (in terms of type, size, and location) into CFRP laminates and established quantitative relationships with the electrical resistance measurements. For processing of numerous measurement data, an autonomous data acquisition system was devised. We also established a specimen preparation procedure and a method for electrode setup. Coupon and panel CFRP laminate specimens with several known damage were tested and post-processed with the measurement data. Coupon specimens with various sizes of artificial delaminations obtained by inserting Teflon film were manufactured and the resistance was measured. The measurement results showed that increase of delamination size led to increase of resistance implying that it is possible to sense the existence and size of delamination. Encouraged by the results of coupon specimens, we implemented the measurement system on panel specimens. Three different quasi-isotropic panels were designed and manufactured: a panel with artificial delamination by inserting Teflon film at the midplane, a panel with artificial delamination by inserting Teflon film between the second and third plies from the surface, and an undamaged panel. The first two panels were designed to determine the feasibility of detecting delamination using the developed measurement system. The third panel had no damage at first, and then three different sizes of holes were drilled at a chosen location. Panels were prepared using the established procedures with six electrode connections on each side making a total of twenty-four electrode connections for a panel. All possible pairs of electrodes were scanned and the resistance was measured for each pair. The measurement results showed the possibility of the established measurement system for an in-situ damage detection method for CFRP composite structures.