We built a fiber link system to connect the astronomical laser frequency combs (astro-comb) and the HRS spectrograph for Chinese 2.16m telescope in Xinglong. Fiber noise deteriorates the precision and stability of high spectral resolution fiber-fed spectrograph, especially when the astro-comb is used as calibrators. In order to optimize the performance of the astro-comb fiber link system, it is essential to suppress the fiber noise. The polygonal fiber is used to improve the scrambling and a vibrator attached to fiber is used to eliminate the speckle. The experiment results show good suppression of fiber noise with polygonal fiber, especially for the octagonal fiber, together with dynamic agitation by a vibrator.
When a multimode fiber transmits a laser beam, the speckle will form in its output field. A dynamic fiber scrambler
could be used to suppress the speckle. No matter what actual way of suppressing speckle is, such as fiber scrambling or
using a rotating phase plate, the suppression is the result of exerting disturbance in the process of the speckle forming.
We could disturb the phase of the input beam with specific method to weaken the speckle effect. To get a speckle image
formed by a multimode fiber, we simulate different diffraction patterns under different phase conditions using diffraction
model, in which the phase of the input beam is modulated by a rough surface, and then sum them to form the
instantaneous speckle. To study the speckle suppression, we superpose instantaneous speckles, and as a consequence the
final speckle is suppressed. The simulation would help us understand the speckle suppression experiment with the input
beam phase modulation conducted in our lab.