We report direct modulation results in a simple and compact widely tunable V-cavity laser. Chirp managed laser technology has been successfully applied to the V-cavity laser with an optical spectrum reshaping filter. The tunable V-cavity-laser employs a half-wave coupler to obtain single-mode operation with high side-mode suppression ratio and the Vernier effect to extend its tuning range. It does not require any grating structure and regrowth steps. In this experiment, we achieved single-electrode controlled wavelength tuning of about 18 channels at 100GHz spacing with a fixed temperature, and 32 channels using 2 temperature settings. Well-open eye diagrams with extinction ratio above 4.3dB in all channels are observed when the laser is directly modulated at 2.5Gb/s. Although the measured small-signal frequency response is only about 5.7GHz, more than 6.7dB extinction ratio under 10Gb/s modulation rate is achieved by using the chirp managed laser technology with an optical spectrum reshaping filter placed after the output of the laser to convert the frequency chirp accompanying the direct modulation to amplitude modulation. The advantages of compactness, fabrication simplicity, easy wavelength control algorithm, and simple direct modulation offer great potential for the chirped managed V-cavity laser to be used in low-cost WDM links.
Widely tunable semiconductor lasers based on a novel half-wave coupler are presented. They have been implemented in the form of half-wave coupled V-cavity and ring-FP cavities. By using the novel half-wave coupler, single-mode lasing with high side-mode-suppression-ratio is achieved. Single-electrode controlled wide-band wavelength tuning with Vernier effect is demonstrated. The full-band tuning of 50 channels with 100GHz spacing is realized by further employing temperature induced gain spectrum shift. The laser is packaged into a small-form-factor 9-pin box TOSA, and the electronic driver has been developed for the wavelength tuning and direct modulation. The advantages of compactness, fabrication simplicity, easy wavelength control and direct modulation allow the tunable lasers to be used in low-cost access and datacenter networks, as well as in portable devices for spectroscopic analysis.
We present a 1560-nm-band digitally wavelength tunable V-coupled-cavity semiconductor laser monolithically integrated with two waveguides based monitoring photodiodes (MPD) through deeply etched reflective trenches. The reflective trenches are designed to be 1.16μm wide, about three quarters of the wavelength, and are deeply etched through the waveguide with a depth larger than 4μm. Due to the high reflectivity of the etched trenches, a low threshold current of 19mA is achieved. Using a single electrode control, wavelength tuning of 22 channels at 100GHz spacing with SMSR above 35 dB is obtained. The relationship between the photocurrents of the two MPD at the two waveguide branches and the laser output power from the coupler side is investigated as a function of the wavelength. Since the integrated tunable laser with MPDs is very compact and does not involve any grating or epitaxial regrowth, it is suitable for low-cost multifunctional photonic applications for access and data center networks.