This paper aims to research the influence of hydrogen on the variation of mechanical properties and microstructure of
diamond-like carbon (DLC) films synthesized by radio frequency plasma chemical vapor deposition (RF-PECVD). The
DLC films were deposited on germanium substrates as protective layers with butane-hydrogen mixture gas. The films
obtained are polycrystalline and texture-growth, the surface of the thin films is grain-like and dispersing incompact. The
synthesis and post-plasma etching treatment of DLC films were prepared with low-temperature methods (T<150°C). The
reactant gas is a high pure mixture of butane (99.9%) and hydrogen (99.99%). The effect of deposition parameters on the
structure and properties of DLC thin films has been studied.
DLC films deposited are studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM), Raman, Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR),
nanoindentation and nanoscratch. Test results show the transmissivity of deposited DLC films from 8μm and 12μm
region is higher than 60% averagely, which closees to theory value firstly. Secondly, with the increase of deposition
voltage, the content of sp3C in the DLC thin films increases, the roughness of thin films decreases. Thirdly, with the
increase of deposition frequency, the content of sp3C in the DLC thin films increases, the roughness of the thin films
decreases. Finally, as the film thickness increases, the ratio of I(D)/I(G) increases and the hardness decreases. This
indicates as the film thickness increases, the bonding is towards graphite structure and reducing hardness. The high sp2
fraction and low hardness explain the poor adhesion of large film thickness. The results reveal that increasing the
concentration of hydrogen, thickness and roughness decreases.
Anti-laser films have been used for decreasing the intensity of laser to protect human's eyes. Nd:YAG is widely used in military and industry, and its working wavelengths are 532nm and 1064nm. In this paper, we attempted to design a dense film based on a new complex material to improve manufacture efficiency. The frequency-doubling film is G|(HxL)<sup>n</sup>|A according to the working characteristics of Nd:YAG laser. H<sub>4</sub> and SiO<sub>2</sub> were selected in consideration of absorption, dispersion, index of refraction, mechanical robustness. x is equal to 2 by optimized the frequency-doubling film (G|(HxL)<sup>n</sup> |A).
The film is fabricated by Leybold SUSPRO-1110 full automatic vacuum coating machine, which is completed with Plasma Ion Assisted Deposition system. UV3150PC spectrophotometer was used to test the spectrum characteristics in the range of 532nm and 1064nm. The testing results showed that the transmission at 532nm and 1064nm are 0.0064% and 0.0041%, respectively. The integral transmission of visibility region is higher than 73%. We can entirely eliminate damages to eyes from Nd:YAG laser by this way.