This paper presents an upgrade of the thaumatrope, an optical toy and a pre-cinematographic animation device that was popular in the 19th century, by addition of ultra-realistic full-color holograms. It explains the working principles of this new device and evaluates its performances. To build this new kind of thaumatrope, two full-color analog transplane holograms of two different 3D objects are recorded with the silver halide color holographic material Ultimate 04 and mounted on each side of a rotating disc. The operation of the holographic thaumatrope is successfully demonstrated. When two pieces of string are attached to the disc are twirled quickly between the fingers, the disc rotates on its axis and the two transplane holograms appear to combine into one.
This paper presents the Zerotrope, an improvement of the classic phenakistiscope and zoetrope devices, used to create a new 360-degree 3D display by addition of a single ultra-realistic full-color hologram. The Zerotrope is built with a single zero-degree transplane hologram mounted on a disc rotating at constant speed. This hologram displays a series of 3D characters showing the sequential phases of an animation and arranged radially around the center of the disc. When a stroboscopic lamp synchronized with the rotation illuminates this hologram, the recorded characters are animated as in a stop-motion movie. The operation of the Zerotrope is successfully demonstrated and shows the effect of the holographic reality (HR) without the need for special glasses or other viewing aids.