Ultra-low expansion glass-ceramic is a kind of functional materials, which has been extensively researched and widely used in various aspects because of its high performance. This paper introduces the optical mechanism and research progress of glass-ceramic. Also the application in aerospace area as laser gyro, objects telescope is illustrated. In addition to this, the preparation methods and prospects of ultra-low expansion glass-ceramic is discussed.
A novel data transmission circuit for digital image sensors is presented. Large amounts of data are divided into m groups of n bits each. Each group of data is stored in an n-bit shift register. Under the control of a column scanner, at a time, only one group of data is selected to output serially to a common output line. Thus, as the scanner scans all the groups of data, the large amounts of data are serially output through the common line. A current-mode circuit transforms the output data into a low voltage swing signal which propagates over the common output line fast. A sense amplifier receives the low voltage swing signal and then recovers the full swing signal. Finally, a low-voltage differential signaling ( LVDS ) transmitter, which is fed with the full swing signal, transmits the data out chip. Because there is always only one of the m shift registers operating, the power consumption is greatly reduced. The simulation results show that the proposed circuit works correctly at a date rate of 400Mb/s. For n=14, and m=8, 32, 128, and 256, the power consumption of the prototype is as low as 1/4, 1/15, 1/50, and 1/80 that of the traditional serial link respectively.