Laser plasma produced with high-intensity picosecond laser pulse like proton source for radiography was investigated. It was found that maximum particle output and best possible spatial uniformity of proton beam took place for two-layer target when the front layer was the high-Z film. It was shown that the ion radiography of the convenient objects with using the two-layer targets allow to get the projecting pictues with high spatial resolution that was about one micron. The explanation of such high spatial resolution is in laminar motion of ion flow. Threshold spatial sensitivity of proton radiography is estimated.
Ytterbium-doped silica fibers exhibit very broad absorption and emission bands, from 800nm to 1064nm for absorption and 970nm to 1200nm for emission. Therefore wide band lasers can be obtained using a wide variety of pump lasers. In this paper, the characteristics of high-doped Yb<sup>3+</sup> fiber are analyzed and verified by experiment and a highly-doped Yb<sup>3+</sup> fiber ring laser with short cavity has been presented. Comparing with normal Yb<sup>3+</sup>doped fiber, the relationship between the important characteristics of the Yb<sup>3+</sup>doped fiber laser such as threshold power, output power and laser parameters such as pump power, fiber length, output couple ratio is analyzed. Numerical results are coincident with the experiment phenomenon very well. A 1053 nm pulse has been achieved in our fiber laser. The output power is 6mW as pump power is 110mW and the slope efficiency is 17%. The Yb<sup>3+</sup> fiber laser we produced can be used as a stable source in obtaining ultrafast pulse, fiber sense and optical communications.
Theory and experimental results on the self-starting passive mode-locked Yb fiber ring laser generating short pulse are reported. The relations between the laser cavity parameters and mode-locked pulse characters are discussed. 980nm LD pumped laser is used as the pump source and high concentration Yb<sup>3+</sup>-doped fiber is adopted as gain medium. Using the nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) effect of the fiber, self-starting stable mode-locked pulse is obtained, with center wavelength of 1046nm, 3dB bandwidth of 6.01nm and 20dB bandwidth of 16nm. The mode-locked threshold power is 150mW and output power is 26mW with 50MHz repetition rate.