We explore experimentally and theoretically the dynamics of a DFB quantum well laser subject to external optical feedback from a mirror. With increasing feedback, the system exhibits the following dynamical scenario: an extremely small limit cycle appears first and is followed by a quasi-periodic regime, and then by three subsequent limit cycles with different repetition rates. This sequence of limit cycles can be associated with the change of phase of the reflected field which reveals translational symmetry and the fact of periodic solutions coexistence which we confirm numerically. The results can be useful for applications in reservoir computing with phase space of coexisting limit cycles acting as a nonlinear reservoir as well as for other applications.
A relatively simple and stable microwave oscillator tunable across the full X-band is achieved. The microwave oscillations are self-generated limit-cycles produced by a laser diode subjected to optical feedback from a mirror. Further, the oscillations are stabilized utilizing two techniques in tandem, the first being a resonance effect based on locking the two inherent timescales of the laser, and the second being optoelectronic feedback. The resulting stable oscillations are fully tunable across the X-band from 5.5 to 12.1 GHz with typical phase noise performance of -107 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset. Further, the system is relatively simple by not requiring multiple lasers, radio-frequency filters, external RF sources, or any specialized equipment, thus, enabling a compact and low-cost microwave oscillator for applications in radar, radio over fiber, and telecommunications.
The stabilization of a relatively simple optoelectronic oscillator tunable across the X-band based on a laser subjected to optical feedback is achieved. Specifically, a resonance effect based on locking the two inherent frequencies of the system, as well as, self-modulation were utilized to achieve a sub-ps phase jitter.
We explore both experimentally and numerically the dynamics of semiconductor lasers subject to delayed optical feedback and show that the external cavity repetition rate can be resonant with the relaxation oscillations leading to a discretisation of the relaxation oscillation frequency which evolves in a series of discrete steps, remaining almost constant along each step. Numerically, the steps are found to result from different Hopf bifurcation branches.
We use a laser diode from a commercial CD/DVD-ROM drive to detect changes in the surface of a diffraction grating <i>without a photodiode</i>. Specifically, we exploit the changing terminal voltage in the laser-diode due to changing feedback strength as the laser is rastered across the grating's surface.