Low timing jitter (< 5 ps), high peak power (1 W at the laser facet), narrow pulses (< 10 ps) at a 5 GHz pulse
repetition rate is demonstrated by monolithic passively mode-locked quantum dot lasers. Their low cost, compact
size and DC-biased operation make them ideal for high speed optical interconnects and optical clocking
For understanding the fundamental processes in QDs and optimizing the design of QD optical devices, it is essential to obtain accurate optical gain and absorption spectra. An improved segmented-contact method is described that subtracts the unguided spontaneous emission that normally introduces error into the calculated gain and absorption. Using the technique a QD gain spectrum is measured to an accuracy of less than 0.2/cm at nominal gain values below 2/cm. This capability also enables precise measurement of waveguide internal loss, unamplified spontaneous emission spectra and Stark shift data.
The correlations between the photoluminescence (PL) wavelength, integrated intensity, peak intensity, and FWHM with laser diode performance such as the maximum gain, injection efficiency, and transparency current density are studied in this work. The primary outcome is that the variation in PL intensity within a wafer originates primarily from differences in the radiative and non-radiative recombination rates and not from dot density variation. PL generated from 980 nm wavelength pumping appears to give more consistent data in assessing the optical quality of quantum dots that emit in the 1300 nm from the ground state.