We introduce a new technique to extend the dynamic range of coherent BOTDA sensors in dynamic measurements. It is based on launching pump pulses containing multiple frequencies so that the Brillouin spectra that they generate overlap, allowing to measure larger Brillouin frequency shift variations. Furthermore, this technique is compared to the procedure of shortening the length of the pulses, which also leads to a broadening of the spectra. We analyze both techniques, obtaining a threefold increase in range up to 400 MHz (±4000 με).
We report on the effects of large pump pulse powers on Brillouin optical time-domain analysis (BOTDA) sensors based on phase-modulated probe wave and coherent detection. It is found that the large Brillouin gain that comes from the use of high power pulses induces a narrowing of the RF phase-shift spectrum that is measured in these sensors. This narrowing leads to a Brillouin frequency shift measurement error when the sensor is configured for dynamic measurements. However, the effect has been found to be less significant than that observed in dynamic slope-assisted BOTDA sensors based on amplitude.
We present a simplified configuration for distributed Brillouin optical time domain analysis sensors. The technique is based on passive optical filtering of the spectral components generated in an RF-pulse-modulated optical source. The aim of this configuration is to reduce the cost of the sensor by simplifying the generation of the optical waves involved in the sensing process. Proof-of-concept experiments demonstrate distributed temperature measurement with 1 m resolution over a 20 km sensing fiber.
We introduce a modification of the differential pulse-width pair technique in a BOTDA sensor based on a phase-modulated probe wave and RF demodulation. This provides a differential Brillouin phasorial signal with high spatial and spectral resolution in both components (magnitude and phase-shift). Moreover, the use of a phase-modulated probe wave provides RF phase-shift measurements tolerant to the emergence of non-local effects. The combination of both techniques can lead to the development of long-range BOTDA sensors. Proof-of-concept experiments demonstrate RF phase-shift measurements with 1m spatial resolution over 50km and an uncertainty of 1.3ºC at the worst contrast position.