This study presents a web-system repository: Data Storage for Computation and Integration (DSCI) for Osteoarthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ OA). This environment aims to maintain and allow contributions to the database from multi-clinical centers and compute novel statistics for disease classification. For this purpose, imaging datasets stored in the DSCI consisted of three-dimensional (3D) surface meshes of condyles from CBCT, clinical markers and biological markers in healthy and TMJ OA subjects. A clusterpost package was included in the web platform to be able to execute the jobs in remote computing grids. The DSCI application allowed runs of statistical packages, such as the Multivariate Functional Shape Data Analysis to compute global correlations between covariates and the morphological variability, as well as local p-values in the 3D condylar morphology. In conclusion, the DSCI allows interactive advanced statistical tools for non-statistical experts.
We developed a deep learning neural network, the Shape Variation Analyzer (SVA), that allows disease staging of bony changes in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA). The sample was composed of 259 TMJ CBCT scans for the training set and 34 for the testing dataset. The 3D meshes had been previously classified in 6 groups by 2 expert clinicians. We improved the robustness of the training data using data augmentation, SMOTE, to alleviate over-fitting and to balance classes. We combined geometrical features and a shape descriptor, heat kernel signature, to describe every shape. The results were compared to nine different supervised machine learning algorithms. The deep learning neural network was the most accurate for classification of TMJ OA. In conclusion, SVA is a 3D Slicer extension that classifies pathology of the temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis cases based on 3D morphology.