Proc. SPIE. 10219, Three-Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, and Display 2017
KEYWORDS: Holography, 3D image enhancement, Digital holography, Speckle, Scattering, Light scattering, Multiplexing, Digital imaging, Image enhancement, Digital micromirror devices, 3D displays, 3D image processing
In digital 3D holographic displays, the generation of realistic 3D images has been hindered by limited viewing angle and image size. Here we demonstrate a digital 3D holographic display using volume speckle fields produced by scattering layers in which both the viewing angle and the image size are greatly enhanced. Although volume speckle fields exhibit random distributions, the transmitted speckle fields have a linear and deterministic relationship with the input field. By modulating the incident wavefront with a digital micro-mirror device, volume speckle patterns are controlled to generate 3D images of micrometer-size optical foci with 35° viewing angle in a volume of 2 cm × 2 cm × 2 cm.
When a light propagates through highly disordered medium, its optical parameters such as amplitude, phase and polarization states are completely scrambled because of multiple scattering events. Since the multiple scattering is a fundamental optical process that contains extremely high degrees of freedom, optical information of a transmitted light is totally mingled. Until recently, the presence of multiple scattering in an inhomogeneous medium is considered as a major obstacle when manipulating a light transmitting through the medium. However, a recent development of wavefront shaping techniques enable us to control the propagation of light through turbid media; a light transmitting through a turbid medium can be effectively controlled by modulating the spatial profile of the incident light using spatial light modulator.
In this work, stand-alone scattering optical device is proposed; a holographic photopolymer film, which is much economic compared to the other digital spatial light modulators, is used to record and reconstruct permanent wavefront to generate optical field behind a scattering medium. By employing our method, arbitrary optical field can be generated since the scattering medium completely mixes all the optical parameters which allow us to access all the optical information only by modulating spatial phase profile of the impinging wavefront. The method is experimentally demonstrated in both the far-field and near-field regime where it shows promising fidelity and stability. The proposed stand-alone scattering optical device will opens up new avenues for exploiting the randomness inherent in disordered medium.