Lynx, formerly known as the X-Ray surveyor, is one of the large strategic mission concepts being studied for input into the 2020 Astrophysics Decadal Survey. Lynx is the first future X-ray mission concept planning to match Chandra’s angular-resolution and will combine this with very high throughput, large field of view, and high-resolution spectroscopy for point-like and extended sources. These ambitious performance requirements clearly merit early detailed engineering to demonstrate feasibility. An on-going structural dynamic analysis is being performed on the Lynx structural design to predict dynamic responses, jitter, to expected on-board vibrational disturbances. Applicable disturbance sources include a cryogenic pump, and six reaction wheels. The structural design, disturbances, analysis, and results are presented. Ultimately, responses will be compared to Lynx performance requirements as they relate to a system error budget.
One of the driving structural requirements of the Habitable Exo-Planet (HabEx) telescope is to maintain Line Of Sight (LOS) stability between the Primary Mirror (PM) and Secondary Mirror (SM) of ≤ 5 milli-arc seconds (mas). Dynamic analyses of two configurations of a proposed HabEx 4 meter off-axis telescope structure were performed to predict effects of a vibration input on primary/secondary mirror alignment. The dynamic disturbance used as the forcing function was the James Webb Space Telescope reaction wheel assembly vibration emission specification level. The objective of these analyses was to predict “order-of-magnitude” performance for various structural configurations which contribute to efforts in defining the HabEx structural design’s global architecture. Two variations of the basic architectural design were analyzed. Relative motion between the PM and the SM for each design configuration are reported.
Analytical tools and processes are being developed at NASA Marshal Space Flight Center in support of the Advanced Mirror Technology Development (AMTD) project. One facet of optical performance is mechanical stability with respect to structural dynamics. Pertinent parameters are: (1) the spacecraft structural design, (2) the mechanical disturbances on-board the spacecraft (sources of vibratory/transient motion such as reaction wheels), (3) the vibration isolation systems (invariably required to meet future science needs), and (4) the dynamic characteristics of the optical system itself. With stability requirements of future large aperture space telescopes being in the lower Pico meter regime, it is paramount that all sources of mechanical excitation be considered in both feasibility studies and detailed analyses. The primary objective of this paper is to lay out a path to perform feasibility studies of future large aperture space telescope projects which require extreme stability. To get to that end, a high level overview of a structural dynamic analysis process to assess an integrated spacecraft and optical system is included.