Net primary production (NPP) is the production of organic compounds from atmospheric or aquatic carbon dioxide, principally through the process of photosynthesis. Climate changes of this magnitude are expected to affect the NPP of the world’s land ecosystems. In this study, we used a light-use efficiency model and linear regression model to describe and analyze the spatial and temporal patterns of terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP) in China during 2002-2010. First, we used the reconstructed 16-day 0.05°MODIS NDVI product (MOD13C1), 0.05°gridded GLDAS (Global Land Data Assimilation System) meteorological data and land use map to estimate the NPP in China. The spatial variability of NPP was analyzed during all periods, growing seasons and different seasons, respectively. Based on regression analysis method, we quantified the trend of NPP change in China during 2002-2010.