Water transport from roots to shoots is a vital necessity in trees in order to sustain their photosynthetic activity and, hence, their physiological activity. The vascular tissue in charge is the woody body of root, stem and branches. In gymnosperm trees, like spruce trees (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), vascular tissue consists of tracheids: elongated, protoplast- free cells with a rigid cell wall that allow for axial water transport via their lumina. In order to analyze the over-all water transport capacity within one growth ring, time-consuming light microscopy analysis of the woody sample still is the conventional approach for calculating tracheid lumen area. In our investigations at the Imaging Beamline (IBL) operated by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht (HZG) at PETRA III storage ring of the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Hamburg, we applied SRμCT on small wood samples of spruce trees in order to visualize and analyze size and formation of xylem elements and their respective lumina. The selected high-resolution phase-contrast technique makes full use of the novel 20 MPixel CMOS area detector developed within the cooperation of HZG and the Karlsruhe data by light microscopy analysis and, hence, prove, that μCT is a most appropriate method to gain valid information on xylem cell structure and tree water transport capacity.
Permanent implants made of titanium or its alloys are the gold standard in many orthopedic and traumatological
applications due to their good biocompatibility and mechanical properties. However, a second surgical intervention is
required for this kind of implants as they have to be removed in the case of children that are still growing or on patient’s
demand. Therefore, magnesium-based implants are considered for medical applications as they are degraded under
physiological conditions. The major challenge is tailoring the degradation in a manner that is suitable for a biological
environment and such that stabilization of the bone is provided for a controlled period. In order to understand failure
mechanisms of magnesium-based implants in orthopedic applications and, further, to better understand the
osseointegration, screw implants in bone are studied under mechanical load by means of a push-out device installed at
the imaging beamline P05 of PETRA III at DESY. Conventional absorption contrast microtomography and phasecontrast
techniques are applied in order to monitor the bone-to-implant interface under increasing load conditions. In this
proof-of-concept study, first results from an in situ push-out experiment are presented.
Phase-contrast imaging has proven to be a valuable tool when investigating weak absorbing materials like soft tissue, due to its increased contrast compared to conventional absorption-contrast imaging. While propagation-based phase-contrast is an ideal tool to achieve highest resolution at a good contrast for almost not-absorbing material, it quickly comes to its limitations on applications demanding for a high dynamic range in contrast. For those applications grating-based phase-contrast is the tool of choice, although it lacks of spatial resolution compared to inline phase-contrast or attenuation-based microCT. To reduce this gap in spatial resolution we equipped the two PETRA III beamlines P05 and P07 with a customized set of mechanics to maximize the performance of the interferometer. After latest optimization steps our system allows for phase-contrast measurements in a continuous energy range between 10 keV and 80 keV . Dependent on investigated material and energy the setup is capable to achieve a spatial resolution of 5 μm on a field of view of 6.5 mm. We will present our implementation of grating-based phase-contrast computed tomography for fast and high-resolution measurements at the PETRA III along with its recent optimization, and demonstrate its performance based on different kinds of applications.