Background and Objectives: Pulsed dye laser (PDL) irradiation is the standard clinical treatment for vascular lesions. However, PDL treatment of port wine stain birthmarks (PWS) is variable and unpredictable. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid ring A (BPD) and yellow light may induce substantial vascular effects and potentially offer a more effective treatment. In this study, we utilize a rodent dorsal skinfold model to evaluate the vascular effects of BPD-PDT at 576 nm as compared to PDL.
Study Design/Materials and Methods: A dorsal skinfold window was created on the backs of female Sprague-Dawley rats, allowing epidermal and subdermal irradiation and subdermal imaging. One mg/kg BPD was administered intravenously via a jugular venous catheter. Study groups were: control (no BPD, no light), PDL (585 nm, τp 1.5 ms, 10 J/cm2), and PDT (BPD + continuous wave irradiation (CW) at 576nm, τp 16 min, 96 J/cm2). Vessels were imaged and assessed for damage using laser speckle imaging (LSI) before, immediately after, and 18 hours post-intervention.
Results: Epidermal irradiation was accomplished without blistering, scabbing or ulceration. PDL and PDT resulted in similar reductions in vascular perfusion 18 hours post-intervention (34.6% and 33.4%, respectively).
Conclusions: BPD-PDT can achieve safe and selective vascular effects and may offer an alternative therapeutic option for treatment of hypervascular skin lesions including PWS birthmarks.