In quantum information technology, it is necessary to develop a light-matter quantum interface that transfers and stores quantum information. As a bandwidth of quantum entangled photon pairs used for quantum information increases, a quantum interface with broad bandwidth will be required. The combination of quantum dot (QD) ensemble and photon echo (PE) method is one of promising methods for broadband quantum interface. Since the bandwidth of the quantum interface using this method is limited only by the inhomogeneous width of the QDs, it is possible to implement a quantum interface with the bandwidth of 10 THz at telecommunication wavelength. However, in the PE method, the spatial inhomogeneousity of the laser intensity and the inhomogeneousity of the resonance frequency of the QDs result in the uniform quantum control of excitons in QDs. As a result, the regeneration eﬃciency of the PE light is significantly deteriorated.
To solve this problem, it is effective to introduce a quantum control method using chirped pulses (Adaptive Rapid Passages; ARPs) which is robust to inhomogeneousities. In this study, we demonstrate that the regeneration efficiency of PE in inhomogeneous QDs can be improved by ARPs using femtosecond pulses. By performing numerical simulation and optical experiments, it was found that the regeneration efficiency improves as the chirp amount and the pulse area increase, and saturates at a certain condition.
The efficient transfer of a quantum state from photons to matter qubits in order to momentarily store information has become a central problem in quantum information processing. A quantum memory turns out to be an essential tool to achieve advanced technologies such as quantum networks, quantum repeaters, deterministic single photon sources or linear optics quantum computers. The realization of a quantum interface has been investigated in various forms, among which one can find solid-state atomic ensembles, color centers in crystal lattices, cold atomic gases, optical phonons in diamond and many others. Here we focus on a broadband quantum interface for high repetition rate (76 MHz) ultrafast optical pulses (250 fs) at telecommunication wavelength (1530 nm) based on the photon echo process occurring in semiconductor quantum dots. We evaluated the quantum state of photonic qubits in order to characterize the impact of the storage on the transmitted signal. Homodyne traces corresponding to projections of the Wigner function of the signal on rotated quadrature components were obtained using broadband balanced homodyne detection, i.e. mixing the ultrafast optical pulses to analyze with a high repetition rate pulsed local oscillator. The reconstruction of the Wigner function from the homodyne traces was performed using three algorithms: the inverse Radon transform, the minimax adaptive reconstruction and the maximum likelihood estimation. The three methods lead to similar results, concluding that for an input pulse in a coherent state, the reemitted photon echo is also in a coherent state.
The population and coherent dynamics of excitons in InAs quantum dots were investigated using transient pump-probe and four-wave mixing spectroscopies in the telecommunications wavelength range. The sample
was fabricated on an InP(311)B substrate using strain compensation to control the emission wavelength. This technique also enabled us to stack over a hundred QD layers, which resulted in a significant enhancement of nonlinear signals. By controlling the polarization directions of incident pulses, we precisely estimated the radiative and non-radiative lifetimes, the transition dipole moment, and the dephasing time while taking into account their anisotropic properties. The measured radiative lifetime and dephasing time shows large anisotropies with respect to the crystal axes, which results from the anisotropic nature of the transition dipole moment. The
anisotropy is larger than that for InAs quantum dots on a GaAs(100) substrate, which seems to reflect a lack of symmetry on an (311)B substrate. A quantitative comparison of these anisotropies demonstrates that nonradiative population relaxation and pure dephasing are quite small in our QDs.
We investigate the dephasing of excitons in InAs self-assembled
quantum dots by using a transient four-wave-mixing technique. A used sample is specially designed to compensate the strain. We observe long-lived coherence of excitons at 5 K which corresponds to the dephasing time longer than a nanosecond, where the photon energy of
the excitation pulse is 0.874~eV. We find that a pure dephasing due to exciton-phonon interactions dominates in the exciton dephasing
rather than the population decay and the exciton-exciton interaction
in the weak excitation region, by analyzing the population lifetime and the polarization-dependent dephasing time.