The optical properties of ZnO has been widely investigated in detail. Typical photoluminescence (PL) of ZnO contains two parts of emission: near bandgap transition induced ultraviolet emission, and a relatively wide visible emission ranging from green to red, which is closely related to concentration of the structural defects. While the green luminescent has been reported to be associated with oxygen vacancies Vo. In this work, we report on an efficient technique namely desulfurization to increase the amount of oxygen vacancy in a ZnO nanowires array. In the case of the desulfurized sample the PL is increased by more than 1 order of magnitude as to compare with the sulfurized one and more than 2 orders of magnitude as to compare with the as grown sample. Structural analysis as well as morphological analysis confirm the origin of the green band emission enhancement in PL emission. Samples preparation as well an in-depth analysis including quantum efficiency will be presented and discussed within the frame of new rare-earth free phosphor material.
Among alternative nanomaterials for energy related photonic applications, one-dimensional semiconductor nanowires are of a great interest due to their physical properties coming from electronic or quantum confinement. In particular, ZnO nanowires (or nanorods) has been widely investigated since ZnO has many unique properties such as wide direct band gap, large exciton binding energy and relatively high refractive index. Large optical gain also makes ZnO a well suited material for energy transfer in hybrid systems and especially optical energy transfer. There are however two issues remaining to be addressed, one is related to the control in size and dispersion in nanowires array and the other is related to the modeling of nanowires arrays. In this study, we report on a theoretical study on ZnO nanowires, in order to reach a better understanding of the mechanisms that govern the light propagation in nanowires arrays.
A phenomenological model has been developed and discussed. The model is able to describe the experimentally measured light transmission nanowires arrays. A slab of nanospheres and rough layers with thickness waviness were combined to simplify the nanowires structure description. This phenomenological description was proved to be feasible by fitting the experimental data. As a conclusion, light transmitted by randomly distributed nanowires can be explained by the combination of Mie theory and a rough Fresnel reflection at the interfaces.