We present a concept of software modification of three-dimensional (3D) radar systems, designed to work in the low pulse repetition frequency mode, that equips them with the ability to estimate the radial velocity and to properly measure the range of targets that are detected outside the radar’s instrumented range. Despite the fact that the proposed modifications are designed so as to require only minor changes in software, they offer significant growth in the system capabilities. The modified system may potentially work in the medium pulse repetition frequency mode as a so-called four-dimensional (4D) system. The proposed Doppler velocity estimation algorithm is presented in details as well.
A software extension for radar stations designed to work in the low-PRF mode that allows them to correctly measure range to targets outside of their instrumented range, is proposed. The solution does not require substantial modifications of the radar software. Additionally, we describe tools that allow one to simulate the output of a low-PRF radar observing targets that are outside its instrumented range. The proposed approach is verified using computer simulations.
The problem of estimating azimuth in rotating array radar with a beam, wide in the azimuth plane, is considered. Under such setup the echo signal usually has a very low signal to noise ratio, but the number of observations is large, because of long dwell times. The proposed solution is based on the maximum likelihood approach, but it employs simplifications which facilitate its implementation in real time systems. Results, obtained by offline postprocessing of data recorded in a real-world radar system, demonstrate that the proposed solution allows one to reach estimation accuracy comparable to that offered by a system employing a narrow beam.