Moving photogrammetry is an application of close range photogrammetry in industrial measurement to realize threedimensional coordinate measurement within large-scale volume. This paper describes an approach of relaxation matching algorithm applicable to moving photogrammetry according to the characteristics of accurate matching result of different measuring images. This method uses neighborhood matching support to improve the matching rate after coarse matching based on epipolar geometry constraint and precise matching using three images. It reflects the overall matching effect of all points, that means when a point is matched correctly, the matching results of those points round it must be correct. So for one point considered, the matching results of points round it are calculated to judge whether its result is correct. Analysis indicates that relaxation matching can eliminate the mismatching effectively and acquire 100% rate of correct matching. It will play a very important role in moving photogrammetry to ensure the following implement of ray bundle adjustment.
In this study we analyze one of a CFD for timing discrimination. Walk error, drift and precision are the three performance parameters of timing discrimination. The walk error is the most important error type generally. Firstly, we divided the waveform into two types. One is the Gaussian waveform distribution which has three parameters: amplitude, mean, and the pulse width; and the other is Rayleigh waveform distribution which has two parameters: mean and pulse. We analyzed different situations with their changing parameter, and the drift value of time can be obtained for each parameter changing.
An optical vortex is a beam of light with phase varying in a corkscrew-like manner along its direction of propagation and so has a helical wavefront. When such a vectorial vortex beam and the Gaussian beam with orthogonal polarization are focused by low NA lens, the Gaussian component causes a focal intensity distribution with a solid center and the vortex component causes a donut distribution with hollow dark center. The shape of the focus can be continuously varied by continuously adjusting the relative weight of the two components. Flat top focusing can be obtained under appropriate conditions. It is demonstrated through experiments with a liquid crystal spatial light modulator in such a beam, that flattop focus can be obtained by vectorial vortex beams with topological charge of +1 to achieve beam shaping vortex.
The stabilization and tracking line-of-sight with high accuracy is the chief specification and key function of the optic-electronic sight stabilization platform and it has an effect on the performance of loading equipment. The high-speed target is tracked with the shipboard azimuth and pitch optoelectronic platform. The compound-axis tracking servo control technique , the stabilization mirror system and the methods that compensates the azimuth by the rolling angle rate of motion carrier are used. The practice shows that the shipboard azimuth and pitch opto-electronic platform can realize high tracking precision.
Thermal deformation measurement of the high-speed aircrafts under the high temperature is significant for reliability assessment, life prediction, and safety design for the materials and structures. This paper presents a digital image correlation method to accurately measure the full-field thermal deformation of composites under the environment of high temperature. First, real-time deformation images of experimental objects under different loads are acquired with CCD cameral. Based on the digital speckle correlation theory, the bilinear interpolation algorithm is employed to measure the thermal deformation. Last, the comparative analyses on measurement results by the proposed and traditional methods are conducted, as well as factors impacting measurement errors are analyzed.
The polar coordinates equation of Archimedes spiral is <i>ρ</i> = <i>ρ</i><sub>0</sub> + <i>aθ</i> , also known as uniform speed spiral. In a polar coordinate system, the polar radius <i>ρ</i> has linear relation with polar angle <i>θ</i> . This character could be used for linearity compensation in mechanical engineering, or metrical instrument. For example, it could be used for moment linearity compensation, the common configuration has a pivot axis on the pole, and a thin line wrap around the spiral on the turntable. The gravitation of a suspension used as constant pull, and the level polar radius as force arm, then it generates a liner moment when the Archimedes spiral rotating at uniform speed. But as the polar angle of tangent point on the plumb line changes at any moment, the polar radius on level direction isn’t linear with polar angle anymore, and the small error influences the effect of linearity compensation configuration. This paper presented the application of Archimedes spiral in linearity compensation, analyzed the theory error, and deduced the error equation by Mathematic theory. Using computer emulator, educed the precise errors of some dispersed points in common use, and provided according error tabulation. In engineering applications, engineers could consult this error tabulation and correct the points on Archimedes spiral, to realize accurately linearity compensation.