Thermal conductivities and boundary thermal resistances of thin films having the thickness of the order of ten nanometers were measured by using the thermo-reflectance method at room temperature. A thermal simulation of HD DVD-ARW (the next-generation advanced rewritable DVD) media was carried out to clarify the effect of boundary thermal resistance at the interface of those films. The thermal conductivity of thin films greatly depends on film thickness. The result of the thermal simulation depends significantly on whether the boundary thermal resistance is considered or not. Thus it is important to consider the boundary thermal resistances and using thermal properties of thin films to perform more accurate calculation for the phase change recording media. The results of the thermal simulation also suggested that the boundary thermal resistances dominate the thermal diffusion and response of the medium.
We have developed phase change media of 20GB user data capacity for the next generation optical recording system using a blue-violet laser diode with the wavelength of 405nm. An objective lens with the numerical aperture of 0.65 has been used along with mm-thick substrates on which the laser is incident. We have employed the land and groove recording. A transparent film with high thermal conductivity has been adopted at the light incident side of the recording layer in order to improve the carrier to noise ratio and the erase ratio as well as to reduce the cross-erase. Bottom channel bit error rate of less than 1×10<sup>-6</sup> has been obtained and its wide tilt margins have successfully demonstrated the strong feasibility for the next generation rewritable system.
We developed a Finite-Difference Time Domain (FDTD) Method based simulator that can analyze Dual-Layered phase-change disc structure. Because of a substrate thickness error, it is necessary to consider spherical aberration. The electric field distributions have been calcuated on Single-Layered and Dual-Layered phase-change discs. We found differences between the electic distributions focused on a groove and on a land. These calculation results can explain the corresponding experimental results clearly.
We have investigated the recording characteristics of the dual-layer phase change recording media for the sysetm with the NA of 0.65, the wavelength of 405 nm, and the light incidence on 0.6-mm-thick substrate having the land and groove format. For both L0 and L1 of the dual-layer disc, we have adopted bismuth substituted pseudo-binary GeSbTe alloy film as the recording layer and a novel interface layer material in order to improve overwriting characteristics. Bit error rate measurements have successfully demonstrated the feasibility of the user capacity of 36GB and confirmed 30GB with tilt margins.
The possibility of an optical disk capacity of 28GB/side is studied. The read-write characteristics of a phase-change optical disk are examined using a thin cover layer, a blue laser diode, high NA objective lens and the PRML method. The wide tilt margins of high-density recording are achieved.