MPEG-5 Essential Video Coding Standard is currently being prepared as the video coding standard of ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group. The main goal of the EVC standard development is to provide a significantly improved compression capability over existing video coding standards with timely publication of availability terms. This paper provides an overview of the feature and the characteristics of the MPEG-5 EVC standard.
Joint Exploration Model (JEM) studies the next generation video coding standard potential. It demonstrates over 30% performance gain beyond HEVC. This paper provides tool-on and tool-off performance test results for 24 methods included into JEM. Overlap in the functionalities of those tools is discussed. Potential problems for mobile platform implementation are listed. Suggestion on standard development principals and tools selection for next generation video coding standard are made. Paper is intended to assist high quality Call for Proposal responses preparation.
In this paper, several coding tools are evaluated on top of the HEVC version 1. Among them there are straightforward extension of HEVC coding tools (such as Coding Unit size enlarging, fine granularity of Intra prediction angles) and algorithms that have been studied during HEVC development (such as secondary transform, multi-hypothesis CABAC, multi-parameter Intra prediction, bidirectional optical flow). Most of them improve performance of Intra coding. Minor adjustment to the final version of HEVC standard was done for efficient harmonization of the proposed coding tools with HEVC. Performance improvement observed from investigated tools is up to 7,1%, 9,9%, 4,5% and 5,7% in all-intra, random access, low-delay B and low-delay P test scenario (using HEVC common test conditions).