We report a dramatic increase in the photoluminescence (PL) emitted from InGaN/GaN quantum wells (QW), obtained by covering these sample surface with thin metallic films. Remarkable enhancements of PL peak intensities were obtained from In0.3Ga0.7N QWs with 50 nm thick silver and aluminum coating with 10 nm GaN spacer. These PL enhancements can be attributed to strong interaction between QWs and surface plasmons (SPs). No such enhancements were obtained from samples coated with gold, as its well-known plasmon resonance occurs only at longer wavelengths. We also showed that QW-SP coupling increase the internal quantum efficiencies by measuring the temperature dependence of PL intensities. QW-SP coupling is a very promising method for developing the super bright light emitting diodes (LEDs). Moreover, we found that the metal nano-structure is very important facto to decide the light extraction. A possible mechanism of QW-SP coupling and emission enhancement has been developed, and high-speed and efficient light emission is predicted for optically as well as electrically pumped light emitters.
We have investigated the miniaturization of photonic devices for ultimate photon localization, and have demonstrated two-dimensional photonic crystal nanolasers with two important quantum nanostructures-quantum wells (QWs) and quantum dots (QDs). Photonic crystal cavities with QW active material, are simple, but powerful nanolasers to produce intense laser output for signal processing. On the other hand, when located in a high-quality factor (Q) nanocavity, because QD(s) strongly couple with the intense optical field, QD photonic crystal cavities are expected to be good experimental setups to study cavity quantum electrodynamics, in addition to high speed and compact laser sources. Our photonic crystal nanolasers have shown as small thresholds as 0.12mW and 0.22mW for QD-photonic crystal lasers and QW-photonic crystal lasers, respectively, by proper cavity designs and nanofabrication. For QD-photonic crystal lasers, whispering gallery modes in square lattice were used together with coupled cavity designs and, for QW-photonic crystal lasers, quadrapole modes in triangular lattice with fractional edge dislocations were used to produce high-Q modes with small mode volume.