With the aim to satisfy the scalable growth in both network traffic volume and connected endpoints while decreasing the cost and the energy consumption, transparent optical DC networks (DCNs) based on fast optical switches have been considered, featuring the data rate and format transparency and eliminating the power consuming O/E/O conversions. In this work, we propose and experimentally assess novel optical DCN architectures based on distributed and buffer-less nanoseconds WDM photonics integrated switches. The WDM photonic integrated switches are capable to switching in the wavelength, space, and nanoseconds time domain to provide full flexibility and the required speed to achieve high throughput DCN networks. Disaggregated DCN architectures enabled by the fast WDM PIC switch will be also presented.
We present a scalable and novel modular optical metro core node architecture and low cost metro access node architectures with edge computing functionalities employing photonic WDM integrated switches. Photonic integrated switches has been des igned as the building blocks to realize the modular metro node architectures, namely photonic WDM switches with express and add/drop ports, photonic integrated WSS aggregation/disaggregation functions for merging/dropping the network traffic, and photonic integrated multi-cast switch (MCS), as well as bandwidth variable transceivers aggregators to achieve multi-Terabits/second operation. Moreover, a dynamic re-configurable metro-access nodes based on low-cost 2-degree photonic integrated mini-ROADMs will be discussed. The lossless photonic WDM switches are based on InP technology and employ semiconductor optical amplifiers as on -chip gain element and fast switch. The photonic WDM circuits allows to switch multiple format data signals in wavelength, space, and time for full flexibility, scalability of the interconnected network elements as well as capacity. Applications to data center interconnects and 5G will be discussed and experimental results reported.