We apply balanced detection to self-mixing interferometry for displacement and vibration measurement, using two photodiodes for implementing a differential acquisition. The method is based on the phase opposition of the self-mixing signal measured between the two laser diode facet outputs. The balanced signal obtained by enlarging the self-mixing signal, also by canceling of the common-due noises mainly due to disturbances on laser supply and transimpedance amplifier. Experimental results demonstrate the signal-to-noise ratio significantly improves, with almost twice signals enhancement and more than half noise decreasing. This method allows for more robust, longer-distance measurement systems, especially using fringe-counting.
Coherent dual-frequency Lidar (CDFL) is a new development of Lidar which dramatically enhances the ability to decrease the influence of atmospheric interference by using dual-frequency laser to measure the range and velocity with high precision. Based on the nature of CDFL signals, we propose to apply the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm in place of the fast Fourier transform (FFT) to estimate the phase differences in dual-frequency Lidar. In the presence of Gaussian white noise, the simulation results show that the signal peaks are more evident when using MUSIC algorithm instead of FFT in condition of low signal-noise-ratio (SNR), which helps to improve the precision of detection on range and velocity, especially for the long distance measurement systems.
This article shows a dual-frequency OPO with multi-grating (28.5-31.5 μm) periodically poled MgO:LiNbO<sub>3</sub> (MgO:PPLN) pumped by a dual-frequency continuous wave at 1.064 μm. The wavelengths of idler and signal varying versus temperature at different periods of inverted domains were numerical simulated. It proves that as the temperature rises, or as the poling period increases, the idler wavelength shortens and signal wavelength lengthens. The pump is a 30 W dual-frequency fiber laser MOPA with beat note frequency varying from 125 MHz to 175 MHz. The pump threshold of the bow-tie ring cavity OPO was 3 W. An average dual-frequency idler output power of 2.6 W was obtained when the pump power was 17.2 W at 45 °C. The idler wavelength was 3.4 μm when the poling period was 30.5 μm. The idler wavelength could be tuned from 2.9 μm to 3.9 μm by changing the temperature and the poling period, and the beat note frequency was proved to be equal to that of the pump.