It represents a viable solution for the realization of a portable biosensor platform that could screen/diagnose acute
myocardial infarction by measuring cardiac marker concentrations such as cardiac troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase MB
(CK-MB), and myoglobin (MYO) for application to u-health monitoring system. The portable biosensor platform
introduced in this presentation has a more compact structure and a much higher measuring resolution than a conventional
spectrometer system. Portable guided-mode resonance (GMR) biosensor platform was composed of a biosensor chip
stage, an optical pick-up module, and a data display panel. Disposable plastic GMR biosensor chips with nano-grating
patterns were fabricated by injection–molding. Whole blood filtration and label-free immunoassay were performed on
these single chips, automatically. Optical pick-up module was fabricated by using the miniaturized bulk optics and the
interconnecting optical fibers and a tunable VCSEL (vertical cavity surface emitting laser). The reflectance spectrum
from the GMR biosensor was measured by the optical pick-up module. Cardiac markers in human serum with
concentrations less than 0.1ng/mL were analyzed using a GMR biosensor. Analysis time was 30min, which is short
enough to meet clinical requirements. Our results show that the GMR biosensor will be very useful in developing lowcost
portable biosensors that can screen for cardiac diseases.
An electrically driven light emission from silicon is a long-standing problem in silicon photonics. Recently, significant progress has been made using silicon quantum dots embedded in silicon nitride thin films, transparent doping layers and electrodes, and surface modified structures. This paper provides an overview of progress in the device physics and fabrications of the nanocrystal silicon light emitting diodes including new device structures to improve the light extraction efficiency as well as highlights in growth of silicon quantum dots and their quantum confinement effects.
Organic light-emitting diode (OLED) has a good candidate for next generation flat panel display (FPD). However, it is very difficult to fabricate high performance OLEDs on plastic substrate because its mechanical and thermal properties are very poor. Before the ITO deposition, we used a new plasma treatment for good contact with ITO and PES. PES substrate is stayed in vacuum above 12 hours to reduce humidity and unknown chemical gas.
We successfully fabricate OLED on PES substrate using PLD-ITO anodes. We can observe more uniform and bright emission image from the OLED and fix the optimum conditions for fabrication process for OLED. Maximum electro luminescence (EL) and current density at a 100 cd/m2 are 2500 cd/m2, 2mA/cm2, respectively and external quantum efficiency of OLED is about a 2.0%.