The stripe noise is a key factor that affects imaging quality of satellite multi-hyperspectral remote sensing images, which also has a serious effect on the interpretation and information extraction of remote sensing images. Complex surface textures mixed with strip noises in the high-resolution multi-spectral remote sensing of satellite are extremely difficult to remove, this paper analyzes the Markov random field prior model method, combines the Huber function to propose a universal, fast and effective Huber Markov destriping method. According to the statistical characteristics of the image gray level variation, the distribution features and mutual relationship between each pixel and its neighborhood pixels in the image, the co-occurrence matrix reflecting the contrast gray characteristics of the image is connected with the threshold T of Huber function, which is automatically iteratively determined during the noise removal process, and will be able to remove image noises as well as preserving its edges and details effectively. In order to solve the time complexity of the algorithm caused by the pixel space information introduced by the Huber Markov random field algorithm, the GPU adaptive partitioning technique is adopted to accelerate the algorithm. Experimental results show that the destriping method based on Huber function Markov random field can remove the strip noise effectively, while preserving texture details of the image, which can be applied to a variety of noise-containing images. Meanwhile, GPUbased adaptive partitioning technology has been adopted, which has greatly improved the computational efficiency of processsing massive remote sensing images, and lays a foundation for the application of remote sensing satellite images in China.
Large amount of data is one of the most obvious features in satellite based remote sensing systems, which is also a burden for data processing and transmission. The theory of compressive sensing(CS) has been proposed for almost a decade, and massive experiments show that CS has favorable performance in data compression and recovery, so we apply CS theory to remote sensing images acquisition. In CS, the construction of classical sensing matrix for all sparse signals has to satisfy the Restricted Isometry Property (RIP) strictly, which limits applying CS in practical in image compression. While for remote sensing images, we know some inherent characteristics such as non-negative, smoothness and etc.. Therefore, the goal of this paper is to present a novel measurement matrix that breaks RIP. The new sensing matrix consists of two parts: the standard Nyquist sampling matrix for thumbnails and the conventional CS sampling matrix. Since most of sun-synchronous based satellites fly around the earth 90 minutes and the revisit cycle is also short, lots of previously captured remote sensing images of the same place are available in advance. This drives us to reconstruct remote sensing images through a deep learning approach with those measurements from the new framework. Therefore, we propose a novel deep convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture which takes in undersampsing measurements as input and outputs an intermediate reconstruction image. It is well known that the training procedure to the network costs long time, luckily, the training step can be done only once, which makes the approach attractive for a host of sparse recovery problems.
In this paper, the application of super resolution (SR, restoring a high spatial resolution image from a series of low resolution images of the same scene) techniques to GaoFen(GF)-4, which is the most advanced geostationaryorbit earth observing satellite in China, remote sensing images is investigated and tested. SR has been a hot research area for decades, but one of the barriers of applying SR in remote sensing community is the time slot between those low resolution (LR) images acquisition. In general, the longer the time slot, the less reliable the reconstruction. GF-4 has the unique advantage of capturing a sequence of LR of the same region in minutes, i.e. working as a staring camera from the point view of SR. This is the first experiment of applying super resolution to a sequence of low resolution images captured by GF-4 within a short time period. In this paper, we use Maximum a Posteriori (MAP) to solve the ill-conditioned problem of SR. Both the wavelet transform and the curvelet transform are used to setup a sparse prior for remote sensing images. By combining several images of both the BeiJing and DunHuang regions captured by GF-4 our method can improve spatial resolution both visually and numerically. Experimental tests show that lots of detail cannot be observed in the captured LR images, but can be seen in the super resolved high resolution (HR) images. To help the evaluation, Google Earth image can also be referenced. Moreover, our experimental tests also show that the higher the temporal resolution, the better the HR images can be resolved. The study illustrates that the application for SR to geostationary-orbit based earth observation data is very feasible and worthwhile, and it holds the potential application for all other geostationary-orbit based earth observing systems.
It is more difficult and challenging to implement Nano-satellite (NanoSat) based optical Earth observation missions than conventional satellites because of the limitation of volume, weight and power consumption. In general, an image compression unit is a necessary onboard module to save data transmission bandwidth and disk space. The image compression unit can get rid of redundant information of those captured images. In this paper, a new image acquisition framework is proposed for NanoSat based optical Earth observation applications. The entire process of image acquisition and compression unit can be integrated in the photo detector array chip, that is, the output data of the chip is already compressed. That is to say, extra image compression unit is no longer needed; therefore, the power, volume, and weight of the common onboard image compression units consumed can be largely saved. The advantages of the proposed framework are: the image acquisition and image compression are combined into a single step; it can be easily built in CMOS architecture; quick view can be provided without reconstruction in the framework; Given a certain compression ratio, the reconstructed image quality is much better than those CS based methods. The framework holds promise to be widely used in the future.