The effectiveness of the laser can be evaluated by the beam quality factor, the beam quality factor is related to the initial parameters of the outgoing laser and various atmospheric parameters on the transmission path. Therefore, the prediction of the beam quality factor can be regarded as a statistical identification problem. Support vector machine has unique advantages in dealing with small sample, nonlinear and high dimensional problems, and can be used to deal with such statistical identification problems. This paper simulates the transmission process of Gaussian laser in the marine atmosphere based on the numerical simulation model of multi-layer phase screen, obtaining simulation data of initial laser radius, initial power, transmission distance, refractive index structure constant, atmospheric visibility, and spot radius, beam drift, and energy circle rate at the receiving surface; then constructing the prediction models of these beam quality factors by support vector machine, the optimal parameter model is obtained by adjusting the kernel function of the model, the insensitive loss coefficient and the penalty factor; finally, the prediction error and accuracy of the model are analyzed. The research results show that the support vector machine can fit the multiple regression relationship between input and output well, and the prediction accuracy of the model is high. The research results can provide a feasible basis for the application of support vector machine in the evaluation of the effectiveness of the laser in the marine atmosphere.
When laser propagate in the atmosphere, due to aerosol scattering and absorption, laser energy will continue to decline, affecting the effectiveness of the laser effect. Based on the Monte Carlo method, the relationship between the photon spatial energy distributions of the laser wavelengths of 10.6μm in marine, sand-type, water-soluble and soot aerosols ,and the propagation distance, visibility and the divergence angle were studied. The results show that for 10.6μm laser, the maximum number of attenuation of photons arriving at the receiving plane is sand-type aerosol, the minimal attenuation is water soluble aerosol; as the propagation distance increases, the number of photons arriving at the receiving plane decreases; as the visibility increases, the number of photons arriving at the receiving plane increases rapidly and then stabilizes; in the above cases, the photon energy distribution does not deviated from the Gaussian distribution; as the divergence angle increases, the number of photons arriving at the receiving plane is almost unchanged, but the photon energy distribution gradually deviates from the Gaussian distribution.