Moxa Moxibustion is a common traditional Chinese therapy in which burning Moxa is applied to affected body areas.
This method has been employed for thousands of years to achieve certain medical objectives, such as pain relief or antibacterial
and anti-inflammatory effects. Its therapeutic effectiveness has been demonstrated successfully both in
research and clinical studies. However, this traditional approach may cause undesirable side effects, for example: 1)
burning of Moxa produces by-products such as smoke and ash; 2) patients are at risk of being burnt; 3) the active
ingredients of the Moxa leaf oil are volatile, odorous, unstable in air and easy to dissipate, and difficult to store and
transport; 4) it is inconvenient to operate. These side effects limit its further high-potential and high-value applications.
This study is aimed at developing a multi-functional smart textile system that will adopt smart fabrics containing
encapsulated Moxa oil integrated with thermally conductive materials to replace the conventional Moxa products. This
will efficiently deliver the active ingredients of Moxa to a human body at optimum conditions, i.e., in a precise and
controllable way, with maximum convenience and a high level of comfort. Doing so would solve the existing problems
mentioned above. Both garment design skill and textile technology will be applied to Moxa Moxibustion textile to
enhance the aesthetics and functionality. The smart garment performance will be assessed subjectively in a clinical trial
and objectively by a number of instrumental methods.