The most significant shortage of the Dyson spectrometer is that the small clearance among the slit, image plane and the hemisphere lens makes the spectrometer difficult to assembly. To solve this problem, several approaches have been proposed. Such as inserting additional aspherical lenses in the optical path to enlarge the image distance, or using a fused silica lens and incorporates a built-in fold mirror to allow the detector sufficient clearance from the slit. In this paper, a Dyson imaging spectrometer with freeform surface has been designed. The freeform surface is used to enlarge clearance distance and compensate the large residual aberration without additional lenses. The design starts from a sphere Dyson system, and then the freeform surfaces are applied to optimize the initial configuration by the use of optical software. The design results show that the Dyson imaging spectrometer with freeform surfaces have great optical performance and easy to mounting which is crucial for development in the fields of aeronautics and astronautics remote sensing.
Hyperspectral imager can obtain both spatial information and spectral information at the same time, which is widely used in agriculture, biomedicine, environment monitoring. At present, hyperspectral imager is developing in the direction of lightweight, miniaturization and low power consumption. The miniaturization of hyperspectral imager includes the miniaturization of optical system and the miniaturization of detector system. In this paper, a miniaturization hyperspectral imager based on CMOS detector is proposed. The working range of is 400-1000nm, which contains 512 spectral bands. The field angle of hyperspectral imager is ±4 degree and the focal length is 99mm. The optical system consists of the telescope, the slit and the spectrometer. Considering the miniaturization of optical system, the spectrometer uses prism-grating spectroscopy. The CMOS sensor GSENSE400BSI is used in the detector system, whose pixel size is 11 micron*11 micron and pixel number is 2048*2048.The detector system consists of an imaging core board and an interface board, and the image output is Cameralink interface. Because of the high integration of CMOS sensor, the design of peripheral circuit can be greatly simplified. The total weight of the hyperspectral imager is not more than 2.5kg and the total power consumption is not more than 5W.The spectral imaging system has the advantages of lightweight, miniaturization and low power consumption. After testing, the spectrometer has good imaging quality.
The stereoscopic spectral imager combines the space technology and the spectrum technology, which can obtain the three-dimensional information and the spectral information of the target at the same time. A compact stereoscopic spectral imaging system is proposed in this paper. The stereoscopic spectral imaging system works at the wavelength range from 450 to 1000nm. The optical system consists of three telescopes and a spectrometer. The stereoscopic spectral imaging system uses the compact design of the shared spectrometer and detector, which effectively saves the volume weight and the cost of the system, and realizes the requirement of lightweight miniaturization. One of the three telescopes is perpendicular to the earth, the other two observe forward and rear along the direction of the flight. The side angle is 27 degree. The Offner-Chrisp imaging spectrometer based on curved surface prism is used in the system. Curved prism is a special optical element, which can effectively reduce the size of the system, reduce the spectral curvature and improve the performance of the system. The MTF values of all wavelengths at 46lp/mm are greater than 0.6 and the results demonstrated the good performance of the optical design. The stereoscopic spectral imaging system can achieve high-resolution imaging under the condition of wide spectral segment, has the high energy utilization efficiency and can obtain the spectral information in real time.