We propose tunable Fabry-Perot filters constituted by double high contrast gratings (HCGs) arrays with different periods acting as reflectors separated by a fixed short cavity, based on high reflectivity and the variety reflection phase shift of HCG array which realize dynamic regulation of the filtering condition. Single optimized HCG obtains the reflectivity of higher than 99% in a grating period ranging from 0.68μm to 0.8μm across a bandwidth of 30nm near the 1.55μm wavelength. The filters can achieve the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of spectral line of less than 0.15nm, and the linear relationship of peak wavelengths and grating periods is established. The simulation results indicate a potential new approach to design a tunable narrowband transmission filter.
A resolution improved monochromator based on tunable Fabry-Perot (F-P) filter and grating hybrid modulator was presented. The light was firstly filtered by the tunable F-P filter and then diffracted by the grating. The tunable F-P filter was used to achieve multi-orders narrow linewidth monochromatic light spectrally and the grating was in charge of separating the multi-orders monochromatic light spatially. By adjusting the rotation angle and the cavity length of the hybrid modulator, the wide spectral range can be achieved. A visible hybrid modulator was designed and the simulation results demonstrated the resolution of a monochromator system was improved in the spectral range of 400~800nm.
Aiming at the problem of the resolution reduction in a miniaturized grating spectrometer, we presented a method to improve its spectral resolution by inserting a tunable Fabry-Perot filter into its optical path before the grating. The Fabry-Perot filter was designed to filter out a partial spectrogram and separate the original undistinguishable spectral lines so as to make their actual wavelengths can be detected. The different cavity length of the Fabry-Perot filter is corresponding to the different separated partial spectrogram. Combining all the separated partial spectrograms, an entire spectrogram with improved resolution can be achieved. Experimentally, the spectral resolution of a grating dispersive system was improved from 2 nm to 1.2nm in a broad spectral range by insetting a homemade tunable Fabry-Perot filter, which demonstrated the feasibility of this scheme. The tunable Fabry-Perot filter is fit for miniaturization by using MEMS technology and is able to work as an independent module. The method proposed provides a potential way to improve the spectral resolution without reducing the spectral range of the existing miniaturized grating spectrometers.