JPEG-LS lossless compression algorithm is used in many specialized applications that emphasize on the attainment of high fidelity for its lower complexity and better compression ratios than the lossless JPEG standard. But it cannot prevent error diffusion because of the context dependence of the algorithm, and have low compression rate when compared to lossy compression. In this paper, we firstly divide the image into two parts: ROI regions and non-ROI regions. Then we adopt a block-based image compression technique to decrease the range of error diffusion. We provide JPEG-LS lossless compression for the image blocks which include the whole or part region of interest (ROI) and JPEG-LS near lossless compression for the image blocks which are included in the non-ROI (unimportant) regions. Finally, a set of experiments are designed to assess the effectiveness of the proposed compression method.
In JPEG-LS, fixed predictor based on median edge detector (MED) only detect horizontal and vertical edges, and thus produces large prediction errors in the locality of diagonal edges. In this paper, we propose a threshold-based edge detection scheme for the fixed predictor. The proposed scheme can detect not only the horizontal and vertical edges, but also diagonal edges. For some certain thresholds, the proposed scheme can be simplified to other existing schemes. So, it can also be regarded as the integration of these existing schemes. For a suitable threshold, the accuracy of horizontal and vertical edges detection is higher than the existing median edge detection in JPEG-LS. Thus, the proposed fixed predictor outperforms the existing JPEG-LS predictors for all images tested, while the complexity of the overall algorithm is maintained at a similar level.
Total variation(TV) based on regularization has been proven as a popular and effective model for image restoration, because of its ability of edge preserved. However, as the TV favors a piece-wise constant solution, the processing results in the flat regions of the image are easily produced "staircase effects", and the amplitude of the edges will be underestimated; the underlying cause of the problem is that the regularization parameter can not be changeable with spatial local information of image. In this paper, we propose a novel Scatter-matrix eigenvalues-based TV(SMETV) regularization with image blind restoration algorithm for deblurring medical images. The spatial information in different image regions is incorporated into regularization by using the edge indicator called difference eigenvalue to distinguish edges from flat areas. The proposed algorithm can effectively reduce the noise in flat regions as well as preserve the edge and detailed information. Moreover, it becomes more robust with the change of the regularization parameter. Extensive experiments demonstrate that the proposed approach produces results superior to most methods in both visual image quality and quantitative measures.
As many variable length source coders, JPEG-LS is highly vulnerable to channel errors which occur in the transmission of remote sensing images. The error diffusion is one of the important factors which infect its robustness. The common method of improving the error resilience of JPEG-LS is dividing the image into many strips or blocks, and then coding each of them independently, but this method reduces the coding efficiency. In this paper, a block based JPEP-LS lossless compression method with an adaptive parameter is proposed. In the modified scheme, the threshold parameter RESET is adapted to an image and the compression efficiency is close to that of the conventional JPEG-LS.