Metallic nanorod metamaterials, arrays of vertically aligned nanorods embedded in an alumina matrix (diameter ~80 nm, length 100-250 nm, period ~113 nm), have recently emerged as a flexible platform for applications in photonics, optoelectronics and sensing. The optical constants for these nanostructured materials are directly associated with their crystallinity. Controlling the crystallinity of these metamaterials in a fast manner has presented a new challenge. Here we show a laser annealing with a pulsed Nd:YAG laser (λ = 532 nm, FWHM 15 ns) to rapidly change the crystallinity of the metallic nanorods. The small column X-Ray diffraction characterization shows that not only the crystallinity of the metallic nanorods is changed, but also that evaporation of the metal occurs with laser annealing.
Metasurfaces provide great feasibilities for tailoring both propagation waves and surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs). Manipulation of SPPs with arbitrary complex field distribution is an important issue in integrated nanophotonics due to their capability of guiding waves with subwavelength footprint. Here, with metasurface composed of nano aperture arrays, a novel approach is proposed and experimentally demonstrated which can effectively manipulate complex amplitude of SPPs in the near-field regime. Positioning the azimuthal angles of nano aperture arrays and simultaneously tuning their geometric parameters, the phase and amplitude are controlled based on Pancharatnam-Berry phases and their individual transmission coefficients. For the verification of the proposed design, Airy plasmons and axisymmetric Airy beams are generated. The results of numerical simulations and near-field imaging are well consistent with each other. Besides, 2D dipole analysis is also applied for efficient simulations. This strategy of complex amplitude manipulation with metasurface can be used for potential applications in plasmonic beam shaping, integrated optoelectronic systems and surface wave holography.