This paper proposes an optimized method of three-dimensional measurement based on three measuring triangles. The three measuring triangles are made up of the left camera, the right camera, the projector and the object to be measured. After projecting N binary band limited patterns on the surface of the object to be measured, the object can be divided into three parts to be measured using the temporal correlation based on Hamming distance. The three parts of the measuring data complement each other without overlapping each other and thus changing the useless data measured in original binocular measurement system into effective data. In this way, the missing data of binocular measurement system is made up and the integrity of the measurement results are improved. The experimental results verify that the integrity of the reconstructed point cloud using the three measuring triangles method is higher than that of the original binocular 3D measurement method, which proves that the proposed optimized method is a convenient solution for solving the problem of partial point cloud missing in the binocular structure measurement.
To provide accurate three-dimensional (3-D) data for production and processing, 3-D surface measurement is always an essential step to the production of glass. Profilometry and Interferometry are traditional measurement apparatus, referring to different procedures. Although more precise, Interferometry cannot be used in milling procedure, owing to the scattering property of rough glass. While as a widely used Profilometry, Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) employs a probe for measuring by contacting surface directly. It should be noted that such a time-consuming machine is not practical for measuring large-sized rough glass, so a novel designed method called temporal speckle is introduced to a non-contact binocular 3-D measurement system for measuring. Specifically, N band-limited binary patterns are sequentially projected to rough glass from a pattern generation device, such patterns have been proved to depress scattering properties of rough surface. The whole binocular 3-D measurement system can finish a single measurement in one second with a standard deviation less than 73.44um. This system performs fast and accurate 3-D surface measurement for large-sized rough glass block.
The achromatic diffractive optical element (DOE) was numerically studied. The light intensity distribution in the focal plane was studied by the vectorial diffraction theory, then the radially symmetric DOE to enable broadband achromatic focusing with low sidelobe intensity ratios and uniform central intensities were optimized by the simulated annealing (SA) algorithm. The plane wave with wavelength of 486nm, 588nm, and 656nm were used in our optimization and numerical research. Three DOEs with 60, 80, and 100 transition points were obtained. Numerical results shown that the sidelobe intensity suppression ratios of focal spots of these wavelengths are all less than 0.12, the principal peaks’ intensities differences and spots’ sizes differences of these focal spots are all less than 5% and 10%, respectively. The designed DOEs were polarization insensitive.
Three dimensional Identification Card, with its three-dimensional personal image displayed and stored for personal identification, is supposed be the advanced version of the present two-dimensional identification card in the future . Three dimensional Identification Card means that there are three-dimensional optical techniques are used, the personal image on ID card is displayed to be three-dimensional, so we can see three dimensional personal face. The ID card also stores the three-dimensional face information in its inside electronics chip, which might be recorded by using two-channel cameras, and it can be displayed in computer as three-dimensional images for personal identification. Three-dimensional ID card might be one interesting direction to update the present two-dimensional card in the future. Three-dimension ID card might be widely used in airport custom, entrance of hotel, school, university, as passport for on-line banking, registration of on-line game, etc...