The paper presents a photonic smart-probe, based on a fluorescent fiber, dedicated for the point-of-care periodontal examination. Globally, periodontal diseases are prevalent both in developing and developed countries and affect about 20-50% of global population. The handpiece of the pressure sensitive periodontal probe should provide the accurately measurement of the depth of a pyorrhea pocket in a human or animal gum. Clinical attachment level (CAL) is the new gold standard for the diagnosis and monitoring of the periodontal disease. CAL has stimulated the recent introduction of novel periodontal probes. For point-of-care, a general dental practitioner usually uses low-cost first- or secondgeneration probes. They would require a low-cost smart-device (at least third-generation level), for accurate quick test results, light weight and easy to use, to avoid the wrong measurements. The proposed device is based on fluorescent linear optical fiber position sensor, adapted to the second-generation probe system. A modified surgical caliper with periodontal probe attachments, transforms the unit depth (mm-scale) of the probe into the cm-scale (according with the excitation length of the fluorescent fiber). The end of the fluorescent fiber is placed on the caliper scale and a SMD blue led attached to the caliper mobile arm is slid over the fluorescent fiber. The movable arm range is proportional with the mm depth of the periodontal probe into the gum. The T-Flame OceanOptics mini-spectrometer is used for signal processing. Lateral coupling of the excitation led light into the fluorescent fiber at different positions produces the emission spectral shift. Thus, the result of the energy transfer process changes for different lengths of the led excitation of the fluorescent fiber (at cm scale), as an overlap of the emission and absorption spectra of the PMMA co-doped fiber.
The paper is mainly focused on assessing the local effects of climate change on biodiversity, especially within the conservation of native plant species, by using a wearable plant demonstrator for chlorophyll and growth rate monitoring. The wearable proof-of-concept is implemented with: a) blue fluorescent fiber and light diffusion fiber configuration, for chlorophyll monitoring and b) optical fiber bending measurements, proportional with growing rate of the leaf. The blue fluorescent fiber from the Industrial Optical Fiber-USA is used to monitor chlorophyll fluorescence (spectral analysis) under stimulated conditions produced with light diffusion fiber. Stimulated light is induced by the light coupled to the surface of the leaf to be analyzed, using the Corning Fibrance (LDF) light diffusion fiber. The blue fluorescent fiber-BFF (peak 460 nm) is lateral sensitive and the chlorophyll fluorescence spectrum is coupled to the fiber core. The LDF is placed on the leaf, near BFF. The chlorophyll fluorescence emission spectrum falls outside the absorption spectrum of the blue fluorophore of the doped fiber core BFF. The chlorophyll fluorescence will propagate along the fiber, adding a specific spectral response corresponding to the analyzed scenario. The spectral response reflects the change with the physiological state of the photosynthetic system.