The aim of this research is to detect and localize microstructural defects by using an electrically excited light emission from a forward/reverse-bias stressed pn-junction in thin-film Cu(In; Ga)Se<sub>2</sub> solar cells with metal wrap through architecture. A different origin of the local light emission from intrinsic/extrinsic imperfections in these chalcopyrite-based solar cells can be distinguished by a spectrally-filtered electroluminescence mapping. After a light emission mapping and localization of the defects in a macro scale is performed a micro scale exploration of the solar cell surface by a scanning electron microscope which follows the particular defects obtained by an electroluminescence. In particular, these macroscopic/microscopic examinations are performed independently, then the searching of the corresponding defects in the micro scale is rather difficult due to a diffused light emission obtained from the macro scale localization. Some of the defects accompanied by a highly intense light emission very often lead to a strong local overheating. Therefore, the lock-in infrared thermography is also performed along with an electroluminescence mapping.