In this paper we present two different techniques for photonic generation of millimeter and THz waves. Each of them tackles the phase noise problem associated with optical sources in a different way. The first one relays on the heterodyne down-conversion of two phase noise correlated optical tones. The correlation is achieved by generation of an optical frequency comb. To select one of the optical lines we use an optical phase lock loop, which besides enabling a frequency offset between output and input, can provide optical gain and is highly selective. The second one relays on the envelope detection of a single sideband-with carrier signal. In this approach the photonic remote antenna unit is implemented as monolithically integrated photonic chip.
Terahertz wireless communication is receiving great interest from researchers and industries, thanks to the new spectral windows between 0.1 and 1 THz offering opportunities for ultra-high-data-rate wireless transmission. Wavelength division multiplexing for wireless-over-fiber is foreseen as an enabling technique to support connection between base stations and a central station. This paper reviews architectures for photonic distribution and generation of multiband signals for sub- THz wireless communications, giving rates up to 100 Gb/s (20 Gb/s per band) using the full spectrum between 220 GHz and 280 GHz for downlink wireless transmission, and 10 Gb/s for uplink using on-off keying.