Because of its special structure, photonic crystal fiber(PCF) has shown great potential in gas sensing. Probe beam with the test gas can directly interact within a PCF. PCF gas sensor with a very small amount of gas can be interact with light in optical fiber in a long distance. And you can change the parameters of the fibers can be improved sensor sensitivity, etc. The status of solid core PCF and hollow-core PCF as a gas sensor is introduced respectively in this paper.
This paper describes an optical fiber oxygen sensor based on wavelength scanning and spectrum absorption technique. An open path optical gas chamber is employed to analyze the absorption lines of oxygen in visible region. The oxygen sensor works in the concentration range 0-100% oxygen with good performance in stability and sensitivity. The precious is less 0.5% over 30 hours in atmosphere. The results show that it will have a great potential application in the harsh environments.
Based on the technology of the spectrum absorption and the FBG, the monitoring system realize on line detection of the concentration of methane and oxygen, the temperature and the pressure of the gas in pipeline, and in order to improve the accuracy of the gas detection, we induce the compensation to the gas concentration using the data of the temperature and the pressure. In order to have a effective utilization of the methane in the coal mine gas drainage system, we have to have a accurate measurements of the concentration, the temperature and the pressure of the gas in pipeline. At the same time the dynamic monitoring of the concentration of Oxygen is a sign of the leakage of the pump. This paper gave some data detected in the field of the coal mine gas drainage system.